Lymphomas are neoplasms of the human immune system and can be divided into two categories, Hodgkin’s lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a form of NHL that shares a common distinctive feature with HL, the overexpression CD30. The expression of cytokine receptor CD30 is restricted to proliferating B and T lymphocytes in healthy individuals while its overexpression is associated with several lymphoproliferative diseases such as ALCL and HL. The activation of CD30 via ligand or antibodies triggers various cellular responses ranging from apoptosis to cell proliferation and it is thought that the variable cellular response to CD30 activation may be due to cell surface levels of CD30. The human CD30 gene is regulated at the transcriptional level and previous studies characterising its promoter have identified several factors that regulate the expression this gene. However none of these identified factors explain for the high levels of CD30 observed in HL and ALCL. Therefore this study focused on the identification and functional analysis of transcriptionally active regions located up or downstream of the CD30 promoter region. The first aim for this study was to identify and characterise regions within the human CD30 gene that are involved in its transcriptional regulation. Phylogenetic footprinting identified several regions downstream of the CD30 promoter that displayed high levels of sequence homology indicating potential functional significance. Validation of these regions through two in vivo approaches, DNase 1 hypersensitivity assay and chromatin accessibility studies localised potential transcriptionally active regions to intron 1 of the CD30 gene.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2009|