Traditional farm expansion versus joint venture remote partnerships

Ross Kingwell, Quenten Thomas, David Feldman, Imma Farré, Brad Plunkett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Traditionally, farms expand by buying out a neighbour. But might remote partnerships be a better way of expanding a farm business given projected climate change and price volatility? This question is addressed using farm business financial modelling. Representative farms at 27 locations in Western Australia are constructed to enable comparison of the value of buying out a neighbour versus expansion using geographically distant joint venture (JV) partners. The farm models consider economies of size, bulk purchase price discounts, the variability and correlation of returns associated with farm expansion, and impacts of climate change. Random selection of a remote partner generates little improvement in wealth; on average only 2.3 and 1.6 per cent, respectively, under current and projected future climate across all locations. However, there is large variation in wealth appreciation opportunities for each location and between locations. Preferred partnerships are a function of each farm's characteristics. Locations highly preferred as JV partners under current climate are similarly preferred partners under projected future climate. The main sources of additional wealth come from economies of size advantages, risk-spreading benefits of combining geographically separated farms and bulk discounts. Farmers seeking business expansion will often benefit greatly from careful selection of a remote partner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-44
Number of pages24
JournalAustralian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


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