Towards achieving strong coupling in three-dimensional-cavity with solid state spin resonance

Jean-Michel Le Floch, N. Delhote, M. Aubourg, V. Madrangeas, D. Cros, S. Castelletto, Michael Tobar

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    Abstract

    © 2016 Author(s). We investigate the microwave magnetic field confinement in several microwave three-dimensional (3D)-cavities, using a 3D finite-element analysis to determine the best design and achieve a strong coupling between microwave resonant cavity photons and solid state spins. Specifically, we design cavities for achieving strong coupling of electromagnetic modes with an ensemble of nitrogen vacancy (NV) defects in diamond. We report here a novel and practical cavity design with a magnetic filling factor of up to 4 times (2 times higher collective coupling) than previously achieved using one-dimensional superconducting cavities with a small mode volume. In addition, we show that by using a double-split resonator cavity, it is possible to achieve up to 200 times better cooperative factor than the currently demonstrated with NV in diamond. These designs open up further opportunities for studying strong and ultra-strong coupling effects on spins in solids using alternative systems with a wider range of design parameters. The strong coupling of paramagnetic spin defects with a photonic cavity is used in quantum computer architecture, to interface electrons spins with photons, facilitating their read-out and processing of quantum information. To achieve this, the combination of collective coupling of spins and cavity mode is more feasible and offers a promising method. This is a relevant milestone to develop advanced quantum technology and to test fundamental physics principles.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number153901
    Pages (from-to)153901-1- 153901-8
    JournalJournal of Applied Physics
    Volume119
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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    Le Floch, J-M., Delhote, N., Aubourg, M., Madrangeas, V., Cros, D., Castelletto, S., & Tobar, M. (2016). Towards achieving strong coupling in three-dimensional-cavity with solid state spin resonance. Journal of Applied Physics, 119(15), 153901-1- 153901-8. [153901]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4946893