Although self-leadership offers potential benefits to develop human capital that enables individuals to work smarter, it is still an under-researched topic. Hence, the main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between individual and situational characteristics with self-leadership behaviors in academia. The objectives of this research were to investigate and assess the effect of individual traits on self-leadership, to examine whether the relationship between individual traits and self-leadership is moderated by situational characteristics, to address some of the methodological limitations of previous research by investigating the interaction effect between individual and situational factors on self-leadership at two points in time, and to study these relationship in two culturally different samples, comprised of people from different university settings. For Study 1, multiple regression was used to analyze individual characteristics of self-leaders, whereas for Study 2, structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to analyze latent interaction effects. The findings indicate that individual characteristics (i.e., conscientiousness, extraversion, and affective commitment) do indeed predict self-leadership. In addition, perceived stressful environment was found to moderate the relationships between individual traits and self-leadership behaviors. This study also employed a rigorous validation technique using SEM and therefore, this study was able to address some of the methodological limitations of previous studies such as common method variance by examining the proposed relationships in a longitudinal setting with two waves.
|Qualification||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Publication status||Unpublished - 2013|