Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae

J. Emmett Duffy, Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi, Joaquin Trinanes, Frank E. Muller-Karger, Rohani Ambo-Rappe, Christoffer Bostrom, Alejandro H. Buschmann, Jarrett Byrnes, Robert G. Coles, Joel Creed, Leanne C. Cullen-Unsworth, Guillermo Diaz-Pulido, Carlos M. Duarte, Graham J. Edgar, Miguel Fortes, Gustavo Goni, Chuanmin Hu, Xiaoping Huang, Catriona L. Hurd, Craig Johnson & 29 others Brenda Konar, Dorte Krause-Jensen, Kira Krumhansl, Peter Macreadie, Helene Marsh, Len J. McKenzie, Nova Mieszkowska, Patricia Miloslavich, Enrique Montes, Masahiro Nakaoka, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, Lina M. Norlund, Robert J. Orth, Anchana Prathep, Nathan F. Putman, Jimena Samper-Villarreal, Ester A. Serrao, Frederick Short, Isabel Sousa Pinto, Peter Steinberg, Rick Stuart-Smith, Richard K. F. Unsworth, Mike van Keulen, Brigitta van Tussenbroek, Mengqiu Wang, Michelle Waycott, Lauren Weatherdon, Thomas Wernberg, Siti Maryam Yaakub

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In coastal waters around the world, the dominant primary producers are benthic macrophytes, including seagrasses and macroalgae, that provide habitat structure and food for diverse and abundant biological communities and drive ecosystem processes. Seagrass meadows and macroalgal forests play key roles for coastal societies, contributing to fishery yields, storm protection, biogeochemical cycling and storage, and important cultural values. These socio-economically valuable services are threatened worldwide by human activities, with substantial areas of seagrass and macroalgal forests lost over the last half-century. Tracking the status and trends in marine macrophyte cover and quality is an emerging priority for ocean and coastal management, but doing so has been challenged by limited coordination across the numerous efforts to monitor macrophytes, which vary widely in goals, methodologies, scales, capacity, governance approaches, and data availability. Here, we present a consensus assessment and recommendations on the current state of and opportunities for advancing global marine macrophyte observations, integrating contributions from a community of researchers with broad geographic and disciplinary expertise. With the increasing scale of human impacts, the time is ripe to harmonize marine macrophyte observations by building on existing networks and identifying a core set of common metrics and approaches in sampling design, field measurements, governance, capacity building, and data management. We recommend a tiered observation system, with improvement of remote sensing and remote underwater imaging to expand capacity to capture broad-scale extent at intervals of several years, coordinated with strati fied in situ sampling annually to characterize the key variables of cover and taxonomic or functional group composition, and to provide ground-truth. A robust networked system of macrophyte observations will be facilitated by establishing best practices, including standard protocols, documentation, and sharing of resources at all stages of work flow, and secure archiving of open-access data. Because such a network is necessarily distributed, sustaining it depends on close engagement of local stakeholders and focusing on building and long-term maintenance of local capacity, particularly in the developing world. Realizing these recommendations will producemore effective, efficient, and responsive observing, a more accurate global picture of change in vegetated coastal systems, and stronger international capacity for sustaining observations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number317
Number of pages26
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jul 2019

Cite this

Duffy, J. E., Benedetti-Cecchi, L., Trinanes, J., Muller-Karger, F. E., Ambo-Rappe, R., Bostrom, C., ... Yaakub, S. M. (2019). Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, [317]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00317
Duffy, J. Emmett ; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro ; Trinanes, Joaquin ; Muller-Karger, Frank E. ; Ambo-Rappe, Rohani ; Bostrom, Christoffer ; Buschmann, Alejandro H. ; Byrnes, Jarrett ; Coles, Robert G. ; Creed, Joel ; Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C. ; Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo ; Duarte, Carlos M. ; Edgar, Graham J. ; Fortes, Miguel ; Goni, Gustavo ; Hu, Chuanmin ; Huang, Xiaoping ; Hurd, Catriona L. ; Johnson, Craig ; Konar, Brenda ; Krause-Jensen, Dorte ; Krumhansl, Kira ; Macreadie, Peter ; Marsh, Helene ; McKenzie, Len J. ; Mieszkowska, Nova ; Miloslavich, Patricia ; Montes, Enrique ; Nakaoka, Masahiro ; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus ; Norlund, Lina M. ; Orth, Robert J. ; Prathep, Anchana ; Putman, Nathan F. ; Samper-Villarreal, Jimena ; Serrao, Ester A. ; Short, Frederick ; Pinto, Isabel Sousa ; Steinberg, Peter ; Stuart-Smith, Rick ; Unsworth, Richard K. F. ; van Keulen, Mike ; van Tussenbroek, Brigitta ; Wang, Mengqiu ; Waycott, Michelle ; Weatherdon, Lauren ; Wernberg, Thomas ; Yaakub, Siti Maryam. / Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae. In: Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 ; Vol. 6.
@article{0b4e6055fe7c4038ac2f07a1b9c51f12,
title = "Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae",
abstract = "In coastal waters around the world, the dominant primary producers are benthic macrophytes, including seagrasses and macroalgae, that provide habitat structure and food for diverse and abundant biological communities and drive ecosystem processes. Seagrass meadows and macroalgal forests play key roles for coastal societies, contributing to fishery yields, storm protection, biogeochemical cycling and storage, and important cultural values. These socio-economically valuable services are threatened worldwide by human activities, with substantial areas of seagrass and macroalgal forests lost over the last half-century. Tracking the status and trends in marine macrophyte cover and quality is an emerging priority for ocean and coastal management, but doing so has been challenged by limited coordination across the numerous efforts to monitor macrophytes, which vary widely in goals, methodologies, scales, capacity, governance approaches, and data availability. Here, we present a consensus assessment and recommendations on the current state of and opportunities for advancing global marine macrophyte observations, integrating contributions from a community of researchers with broad geographic and disciplinary expertise. With the increasing scale of human impacts, the time is ripe to harmonize marine macrophyte observations by building on existing networks and identifying a core set of common metrics and approaches in sampling design, field measurements, governance, capacity building, and data management. We recommend a tiered observation system, with improvement of remote sensing and remote underwater imaging to expand capacity to capture broad-scale extent at intervals of several years, coordinated with strati fied in situ sampling annually to characterize the key variables of cover and taxonomic or functional group composition, and to provide ground-truth. A robust networked system of macrophyte observations will be facilitated by establishing best practices, including standard protocols, documentation, and sharing of resources at all stages of work flow, and secure archiving of open-access data. Because such a network is necessarily distributed, sustaining it depends on close engagement of local stakeholders and focusing on building and long-term maintenance of local capacity, particularly in the developing world. Realizing these recommendations will producemore effective, efficient, and responsive observing, a more accurate global picture of change in vegetated coastal systems, and stronger international capacity for sustaining observations.",
keywords = "biodiversity, seagrass, network, macroalgae, biodiversity observation network (BON), essential ocean variables (EOV), LOCAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE, POPULATION GENETIC-STRUCTURE, VEGETATED COASTAL HABITATS, GULF-OF-MEXICO, CLIMATE-CHANGE, KELP FORESTS, ECOSYSTEM SERVICES, BLUE CARBON, NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT, PELAGIC SARGASSUM",
author = "Duffy, {J. Emmett} and Lisandro Benedetti-Cecchi and Joaquin Trinanes and Muller-Karger, {Frank E.} and Rohani Ambo-Rappe and Christoffer Bostrom and Buschmann, {Alejandro H.} and Jarrett Byrnes and Coles, {Robert G.} and Joel Creed and Cullen-Unsworth, {Leanne C.} and Guillermo Diaz-Pulido and Duarte, {Carlos M.} and Edgar, {Graham J.} and Miguel Fortes and Gustavo Goni and Chuanmin Hu and Xiaoping Huang and Hurd, {Catriona L.} and Craig Johnson and Brenda Konar and Dorte Krause-Jensen and Kira Krumhansl and Peter Macreadie and Helene Marsh and McKenzie, {Len J.} and Nova Mieszkowska and Patricia Miloslavich and Enrique Montes and Masahiro Nakaoka and Norderhaug, {Kjell Magnus} and Norlund, {Lina M.} and Orth, {Robert J.} and Anchana Prathep and Putman, {Nathan F.} and Jimena Samper-Villarreal and Serrao, {Ester A.} and Frederick Short and Pinto, {Isabel Sousa} and Peter Steinberg and Rick Stuart-Smith and Unsworth, {Richard K. F.} and {van Keulen}, Mike and {van Tussenbroek}, Brigitta and Mengqiu Wang and Michelle Waycott and Lauren Weatherdon and Thomas Wernberg and Yaakub, {Siti Maryam}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "4",
doi = "10.3389/fmars.2019.00317",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Frontiers in Marine Science",
issn = "2296-7745",
publisher = "Frontiers Media SA",

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Duffy, JE, Benedetti-Cecchi, L, Trinanes, J, Muller-Karger, FE, Ambo-Rappe, R, Bostrom, C, Buschmann, AH, Byrnes, J, Coles, RG, Creed, J, Cullen-Unsworth, LC, Diaz-Pulido, G, Duarte, CM, Edgar, GJ, Fortes, M, Goni, G, Hu, C, Huang, X, Hurd, CL, Johnson, C, Konar, B, Krause-Jensen, D, Krumhansl, K, Macreadie, P, Marsh, H, McKenzie, LJ, Mieszkowska, N, Miloslavich, P, Montes, E, Nakaoka, M, Norderhaug, KM, Norlund, LM, Orth, RJ, Prathep, A, Putman, NF, Samper-Villarreal, J, Serrao, EA, Short, F, Pinto, IS, Steinberg, P, Stuart-Smith, R, Unsworth, RKF, van Keulen, M, van Tussenbroek, B, Wang, M, Waycott, M, Weatherdon, L, Wernberg, T & Yaakub, SM 2019, 'Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae' Frontiers in Marine Science, vol. 6, 317. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00317

Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae. / Duffy, J. Emmett; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Trinanes, Joaquin; Muller-Karger, Frank E.; Ambo-Rappe, Rohani; Bostrom, Christoffer; Buschmann, Alejandro H.; Byrnes, Jarrett; Coles, Robert G.; Creed, Joel; Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C.; Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo; Duarte, Carlos M.; Edgar, Graham J.; Fortes, Miguel; Goni, Gustavo; Hu, Chuanmin; Huang, Xiaoping; Hurd, Catriona L.; Johnson, Craig; Konar, Brenda; Krause-Jensen, Dorte; Krumhansl, Kira; Macreadie, Peter; Marsh, Helene; McKenzie, Len J.; Mieszkowska, Nova; Miloslavich, Patricia; Montes, Enrique; Nakaoka, Masahiro; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Norlund, Lina M.; Orth, Robert J.; Prathep, Anchana; Putman, Nathan F.; Samper-Villarreal, Jimena; Serrao, Ester A.; Short, Frederick; Pinto, Isabel Sousa; Steinberg, Peter; Stuart-Smith, Rick; Unsworth, Richard K. F.; van Keulen, Mike; van Tussenbroek, Brigitta; Wang, Mengqiu; Waycott, Michelle; Weatherdon, Lauren; Wernberg, Thomas; Yaakub, Siti Maryam.

In: Frontiers in Marine Science, Vol. 6, 317, 04.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae

AU - Duffy, J. Emmett

AU - Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro

AU - Trinanes, Joaquin

AU - Muller-Karger, Frank E.

AU - Ambo-Rappe, Rohani

AU - Bostrom, Christoffer

AU - Buschmann, Alejandro H.

AU - Byrnes, Jarrett

AU - Coles, Robert G.

AU - Creed, Joel

AU - Cullen-Unsworth, Leanne C.

AU - Diaz-Pulido, Guillermo

AU - Duarte, Carlos M.

AU - Edgar, Graham J.

AU - Fortes, Miguel

AU - Goni, Gustavo

AU - Hu, Chuanmin

AU - Huang, Xiaoping

AU - Hurd, Catriona L.

AU - Johnson, Craig

AU - Konar, Brenda

AU - Krause-Jensen, Dorte

AU - Krumhansl, Kira

AU - Macreadie, Peter

AU - Marsh, Helene

AU - McKenzie, Len J.

AU - Mieszkowska, Nova

AU - Miloslavich, Patricia

AU - Montes, Enrique

AU - Nakaoka, Masahiro

AU - Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus

AU - Norlund, Lina M.

AU - Orth, Robert J.

AU - Prathep, Anchana

AU - Putman, Nathan F.

AU - Samper-Villarreal, Jimena

AU - Serrao, Ester A.

AU - Short, Frederick

AU - Pinto, Isabel Sousa

AU - Steinberg, Peter

AU - Stuart-Smith, Rick

AU - Unsworth, Richard K. F.

AU - van Keulen, Mike

AU - van Tussenbroek, Brigitta

AU - Wang, Mengqiu

AU - Waycott, Michelle

AU - Weatherdon, Lauren

AU - Wernberg, Thomas

AU - Yaakub, Siti Maryam

PY - 2019/7/4

Y1 - 2019/7/4

N2 - In coastal waters around the world, the dominant primary producers are benthic macrophytes, including seagrasses and macroalgae, that provide habitat structure and food for diverse and abundant biological communities and drive ecosystem processes. Seagrass meadows and macroalgal forests play key roles for coastal societies, contributing to fishery yields, storm protection, biogeochemical cycling and storage, and important cultural values. These socio-economically valuable services are threatened worldwide by human activities, with substantial areas of seagrass and macroalgal forests lost over the last half-century. Tracking the status and trends in marine macrophyte cover and quality is an emerging priority for ocean and coastal management, but doing so has been challenged by limited coordination across the numerous efforts to monitor macrophytes, which vary widely in goals, methodologies, scales, capacity, governance approaches, and data availability. Here, we present a consensus assessment and recommendations on the current state of and opportunities for advancing global marine macrophyte observations, integrating contributions from a community of researchers with broad geographic and disciplinary expertise. With the increasing scale of human impacts, the time is ripe to harmonize marine macrophyte observations by building on existing networks and identifying a core set of common metrics and approaches in sampling design, field measurements, governance, capacity building, and data management. We recommend a tiered observation system, with improvement of remote sensing and remote underwater imaging to expand capacity to capture broad-scale extent at intervals of several years, coordinated with strati fied in situ sampling annually to characterize the key variables of cover and taxonomic or functional group composition, and to provide ground-truth. A robust networked system of macrophyte observations will be facilitated by establishing best practices, including standard protocols, documentation, and sharing of resources at all stages of work flow, and secure archiving of open-access data. Because such a network is necessarily distributed, sustaining it depends on close engagement of local stakeholders and focusing on building and long-term maintenance of local capacity, particularly in the developing world. Realizing these recommendations will producemore effective, efficient, and responsive observing, a more accurate global picture of change in vegetated coastal systems, and stronger international capacity for sustaining observations.

AB - In coastal waters around the world, the dominant primary producers are benthic macrophytes, including seagrasses and macroalgae, that provide habitat structure and food for diverse and abundant biological communities and drive ecosystem processes. Seagrass meadows and macroalgal forests play key roles for coastal societies, contributing to fishery yields, storm protection, biogeochemical cycling and storage, and important cultural values. These socio-economically valuable services are threatened worldwide by human activities, with substantial areas of seagrass and macroalgal forests lost over the last half-century. Tracking the status and trends in marine macrophyte cover and quality is an emerging priority for ocean and coastal management, but doing so has been challenged by limited coordination across the numerous efforts to monitor macrophytes, which vary widely in goals, methodologies, scales, capacity, governance approaches, and data availability. Here, we present a consensus assessment and recommendations on the current state of and opportunities for advancing global marine macrophyte observations, integrating contributions from a community of researchers with broad geographic and disciplinary expertise. With the increasing scale of human impacts, the time is ripe to harmonize marine macrophyte observations by building on existing networks and identifying a core set of common metrics and approaches in sampling design, field measurements, governance, capacity building, and data management. We recommend a tiered observation system, with improvement of remote sensing and remote underwater imaging to expand capacity to capture broad-scale extent at intervals of several years, coordinated with strati fied in situ sampling annually to characterize the key variables of cover and taxonomic or functional group composition, and to provide ground-truth. A robust networked system of macrophyte observations will be facilitated by establishing best practices, including standard protocols, documentation, and sharing of resources at all stages of work flow, and secure archiving of open-access data. Because such a network is necessarily distributed, sustaining it depends on close engagement of local stakeholders and focusing on building and long-term maintenance of local capacity, particularly in the developing world. Realizing these recommendations will producemore effective, efficient, and responsive observing, a more accurate global picture of change in vegetated coastal systems, and stronger international capacity for sustaining observations.

KW - biodiversity

KW - seagrass

KW - network

KW - macroalgae

KW - biodiversity observation network (BON)

KW - essential ocean variables (EOV)

KW - LOCAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE

KW - POPULATION GENETIC-STRUCTURE

KW - VEGETATED COASTAL HABITATS

KW - GULF-OF-MEXICO

KW - CLIMATE-CHANGE

KW - KELP FORESTS

KW - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

KW - BLUE CARBON

KW - NUTRIENT ENRICHMENT

KW - PELAGIC SARGASSUM

U2 - 10.3389/fmars.2019.00317

DO - 10.3389/fmars.2019.00317

M3 - Review article

VL - 6

JO - Frontiers in Marine Science

JF - Frontiers in Marine Science

SN - 2296-7745

M1 - 317

ER -

Duffy JE, Benedetti-Cecchi L, Trinanes J, Muller-Karger FE, Ambo-Rappe R, Bostrom C et al. Toward a Coordinated Global Observing System for Seagrasses and Marine Macroalgae. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019 Jul 4;6. 317. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00317