The development of novel antibiotics is critical to combating the growing emergence of drug-resistant pathogens. Malacidin A is a new member of the calcium-dependent antibiotic (CDAs) family with activity against antibiotic-resistant pathogens. Its mode of action is distinct from classical CDAs. However, the absolute structure of malacidin A has not been established. Herein, the total syntheses of malacidin A and its analogues are reported by a combination of Fmoc-based solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) and β-hydroxyaspartic acid ligation-mediated peptide cyclization. The total synthesis enabled us to establish the absolute configuration of malacidin A, which is in agreement with those for natural malacidin A confirmed by advanced Marfey's analysis in our study.