Topologically protected quantum entanglement emitters

Tianxiang Dai, Yutian Ao, Jueming Bao, Jun Mao, Yulin Chi, Zhaorong Fu, Yilong You, Xiaojiong Chen, Chonghao Zhai, Bo Tang, Yan Yang, Zhihua Li, Luqi Yuan, Fei Gao, Xiao Lin, Mark G. Thompson, Jeremy L. O’Brien, Yan Li, Xiaoyong Hu, Qihuang GongJianwei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Entanglement and topology portray nature at the fundamental level but differently. Entangled states of particles are intrinsically sensitive to the environment, whereas the topological phases of matter are naturally robust against environmental perturbations. Harnessing topology to protect entanglement has great potential for reliable quantum applications. Generating topologically protected entanglement, however, remains a significant challenge, requiring the operation of complex quantum devices in extreme conditions. Here we report topologically protected entanglement emitters that emit a topological Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen state and a multiphoton entangled state from a monolithically integrated plug-and-play silicon photonic chip in ambient conditions. The device emulating a photonic anomalous Floquet insulator allows the generation of four-photon topological entangled states at non-trivial edge modes, verified by the observation of a reduced de Broglie wavelength. Remarkably, we show that the Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen entanglement can be topologically protected against artificial structure defects by comparing the state fidelities of 0.968 ± 0.004 and 0.951 ± 0.010 for perfect and defected emitters, respectively. Our topologically protected devices may find applications in quantum computation and in the study of quantum topological physics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-257
Number of pages10
JournalNature Photonics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


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  • Topologically Protected Entanglement Emitters

    Dai, T., Ao, Y., Bao, J., Mao, J., Chi, Y., Fu, Z., You, Y., Chen, X., Zhai, C., Tang, B., Yang, Y., Li, Z., Yuan, L., Gao, F., Lin, X., Thompson, M. G., O'Brien, J. L., Li, Y., Hu, X., Gong, Q., & 1 othersWang, J., 2022, 2022 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2022 - Proceedings. IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, FW1A.1. (2022 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, CLEO 2022 - Proceedings).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paperpeer-review

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