The influence of Ni on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) has not been studied yet. We tested the tolerance to Ni of five AMF isolates from New Caledonian ultramafic soils. Spore germination indicated that these isolates were clearly more tolerant to Ni than three otherisolates from non-ultramafic soils. They were able to germinate at 30 μg g−1 Ni, whereas spores of the nonultramafic isolates were totally inhibited at 15 μg g−1 Ni. Among the ultramafic isolates, two were obtained from roots of Ni-hyperaccumulating plants. Their tolerance to Ni was clearly higher than all the other isolates. The proportion of germinated spores of the different isolates in contact with ultramafic soils showed the same tendencies as those observed with Ni solutions. Tolerance to Ni increased when spores were produced from mycorrhiza on plants grown on sand containing 20 μg g−1 Ni, in comparison with those produced on sand without Ni. These results indicate that the tolerance to Ni of AMF spores can be induced by the presence of this metal in the substrate.