The Palaeoproterozoic Yerrida, Bryah and Padbury Basins record periods of sedimentation and magmatism along the northern margin of the Archaean Yilgarn Craton. Each basin is characterised by distinct stratigraphy, igneous activity, structural and metamorphic history and mineral deposit types. The oldest of these basins, the Yerrida Basin (ca 2200 Ma) is floored by rocks of the Archaean Yilgarn Craton. important features of this basin are the presence of evaporites and continental flood basalts. The cc 2000 Ma Bryah Basin developed on the northern margin of the Yilgarn Craton during backarc sea-floor spreading and rifting, the result of which was the emplacement of voluminous mafic and ultramafic volcanic rocks. During the waning stages of the Bryah Basin this mafic to ultramafic volcanism gave way to deposition of elastic and chemical sedimentary rocks. Al a later stage, the Padbury Basin developed as a retroarc foreland basin on top of the Bryah Basin in a fold-and-thrust belt. This resulted from either the collision of the Pilbara and Yilgarn Cratons (Capricorn Orogeny) or the co 2000 Ma westward collision of the southern pari of the Gascoyne Complex and the Yilgarn Craton (Glenburgh Orogeny). During the Capricorn Orogeny the Bryah Group was thrust to the southeast, over the Yerrida Group. Important mineral deposits are contained in the Yerrida, Bryah and Padbury Basins. In the Yerrida Basin a large Pb-carbonate deposit (Magellan) and black shale-hosted gossans containing anomalous abundances of Ba, Cu, Zn and Pd are present. The Pb-carbonate deposit is hosted by the upper units of the Juderina Formation, and the lower unit of the unconformably overlying Earaheedy Group. The Bryah and Padbury Basins contain orogenic gold, copper-gold volcanogenic massive sulfides, manganese and iron ore. The origin of the gold mineralisation is probably related to tectonothermal activity during the Capricorn Orogeny at cc 1800 Ma.
|Name||Australian Journal of Earth Sciences|