TheThreeHundred Project: Ram pressure and gas content of haloes and subhaloes in the phase-space plane

Jake Arthur, Frazer R. Pearce, Meghan E. Gray, Alexander Knebe, Weiguang Cui, Pascal J. Elahi, Chris Power, Gustavo Yepes, Alexander Arth, Marco De Petris, Klaus Dolag, Lilian Garratt-Smithson, Lyndsay J. Old, Elena Rasia, Adam R.H. Stevens

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We use TheThreeHundred project, a suite of 324 resimulated massive galaxy clusters embedded in a broad range of environments, to investigate (i) how the gas content of the surrounding haloes correlates with the phase-space position at z = 0 and (ii) the role that ram pressure plays in this correlation. By stacking all 324 normalized phase-space planes containing 169 287 haloes and subhaloes, we show that the halo gas content is tightly correlated with the phase-space position. At ∼ 1.5- 2, R200 of the cluster dark matter halo, we find an extremely steep decline in the halo gas content of infalling haloes and subhaloes irrespective of cluster mass, possibly indicating the presence of an accretion shock. We also find that subhaloes are particularly gas-poor, even in the cluster outskirts, which could indicate active regions of ongoing pre-processing. By modelling the instantaneous ram pressure experienced by each halo and subhalo at z = 0, we show that the ram pressure intensity is also well correlated with the phase-space position, which is again irrespective of cluster mass. In fact, we show that regions in the phase-space plane with high differential velocity between a halo or subhalo and its local gas environment are almost mutually exclusive with high halo gas content regions. This suggests a causal link between the gas content of objects and the instantaneous ram pressure they experience, where the dominant factor is the differential velocity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3968-3983
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume484
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2019

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ram
halos
gases
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preprocessing
accretion
dark matter
shock
galaxies
modeling

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Arthur, Jake ; Pearce, Frazer R. ; Gray, Meghan E. ; Knebe, Alexander ; Cui, Weiguang ; Elahi, Pascal J. ; Power, Chris ; Yepes, Gustavo ; Arth, Alexander ; De Petris, Marco ; Dolag, Klaus ; Garratt-Smithson, Lilian ; Old, Lyndsay J. ; Rasia, Elena ; Stevens, Adam R.H. / TheThreeHundred Project : Ram pressure and gas content of haloes and subhaloes in the phase-space plane. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 484, No. 3. pp. 3968-3983.
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TheThreeHundred Project : Ram pressure and gas content of haloes and subhaloes in the phase-space plane. / Arthur, Jake; Pearce, Frazer R.; Gray, Meghan E.; Knebe, Alexander; Cui, Weiguang; Elahi, Pascal J.; Power, Chris; Yepes, Gustavo; Arth, Alexander; De Petris, Marco; Dolag, Klaus; Garratt-Smithson, Lilian; Old, Lyndsay J.; Rasia, Elena; Stevens, Adam R.H.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 484, No. 3, 11.04.2019, p. 3968-3983.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - Ram pressure and gas content of haloes and subhaloes in the phase-space plane

AU - Arthur, Jake

AU - Pearce, Frazer R.

AU - Gray, Meghan E.

AU - Knebe, Alexander

AU - Cui, Weiguang

AU - Elahi, Pascal J.

AU - Power, Chris

AU - Yepes, Gustavo

AU - Arth, Alexander

AU - De Petris, Marco

AU - Dolag, Klaus

AU - Garratt-Smithson, Lilian

AU - Old, Lyndsay J.

AU - Rasia, Elena

AU - Stevens, Adam R.H.

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N2 - We use TheThreeHundred project, a suite of 324 resimulated massive galaxy clusters embedded in a broad range of environments, to investigate (i) how the gas content of the surrounding haloes correlates with the phase-space position at z = 0 and (ii) the role that ram pressure plays in this correlation. By stacking all 324 normalized phase-space planes containing 169 287 haloes and subhaloes, we show that the halo gas content is tightly correlated with the phase-space position. At ∼ 1.5- 2, R200 of the cluster dark matter halo, we find an extremely steep decline in the halo gas content of infalling haloes and subhaloes irrespective of cluster mass, possibly indicating the presence of an accretion shock. We also find that subhaloes are particularly gas-poor, even in the cluster outskirts, which could indicate active regions of ongoing pre-processing. By modelling the instantaneous ram pressure experienced by each halo and subhalo at z = 0, we show that the ram pressure intensity is also well correlated with the phase-space position, which is again irrespective of cluster mass. In fact, we show that regions in the phase-space plane with high differential velocity between a halo or subhalo and its local gas environment are almost mutually exclusive with high halo gas content regions. This suggests a causal link between the gas content of objects and the instantaneous ram pressure they experience, where the dominant factor is the differential velocity.

AB - We use TheThreeHundred project, a suite of 324 resimulated massive galaxy clusters embedded in a broad range of environments, to investigate (i) how the gas content of the surrounding haloes correlates with the phase-space position at z = 0 and (ii) the role that ram pressure plays in this correlation. By stacking all 324 normalized phase-space planes containing 169 287 haloes and subhaloes, we show that the halo gas content is tightly correlated with the phase-space position. At ∼ 1.5- 2, R200 of the cluster dark matter halo, we find an extremely steep decline in the halo gas content of infalling haloes and subhaloes irrespective of cluster mass, possibly indicating the presence of an accretion shock. We also find that subhaloes are particularly gas-poor, even in the cluster outskirts, which could indicate active regions of ongoing pre-processing. By modelling the instantaneous ram pressure experienced by each halo and subhalo at z = 0, we show that the ram pressure intensity is also well correlated with the phase-space position, which is again irrespective of cluster mass. In fact, we show that regions in the phase-space plane with high differential velocity between a halo or subhalo and its local gas environment are almost mutually exclusive with high halo gas content regions. This suggests a causal link between the gas content of objects and the instantaneous ram pressure they experience, where the dominant factor is the differential velocity.

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KW - galaxies: clusters: general

KW - methods: numerical

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