Thermal imagery of woodland tree canopies provides new insights into drought-induced tree mortality

Paul L. Drake, Nikolaus J. Callow, Matthias Leopold, Rodrigo N. Pires, Erik J. Veneklaas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our understanding of how water dynamics determines the probability of tree mortality during drought is incomplete. Here we help address this shortcoming by coupling approaches from the disciplines of ecophysiology, geophysics and remote sensing in a woodland ecosystem undergoing protracted drying. Water uptake and use strategies varied between the dominant canopy species of the ecosystem. At one extreme were species that tightly regulate their water status, which is broadly consistent with the definition of isohydry. The higher leaf temperatures revealed by thermal imagery of these isohydric species are likely a reflection of reduced latent cooling owing to a stringent control of transpiration rate. Where silty sediments occur in the root zone, this strategy may have the effect of limiting the water sources available to these species during prolonged drought because of an insufficient hydraulic gradient for water uptake. In contrast were species that allowed their water status to fluctuate, operating in a fashion more consistent with anisohydry. For these species, latent cooling owing to relatively high transpiration rates maintained leaf temperatures near, or below, the ambient air temperature. The resulting drawdown in leaf water potential between soil and leaves in these anisohydric species may generate a sufficient hydraulic gradient to enable water uptake from silty soil during seasonal or prolonged droughts. In this way the spatial distribution of fine textured soil could indicate areas where the isohydric hydraulic control strategy is disadvantageous during prolonged droughts or where annual soil water recharge has fallen below a critical threshold.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155395
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume834
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2022

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