Theoretical Studies of Two Key Low-Lying Carbenes of C5H2 Missing in the Laboratory

Venkatesan S. Thimmakondu, Inga Ulusoy, Angela K. Wilson, Amir Karton

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The equilibrium geometries and spectroscopic properties of two key singlet carbenes, buta-1,3-diynylcarbene (6) and 2-methylenebicyclo[1.1.0]but-1(3)-en-4-ylidene (9), which have not been experimentally observed to date, are investigated using high-level coupled-cluster (CC) methods. The current theoretical study necessitates new experimental data on C5H2 isomers considering the relevance of these molecules to interstellar chemistry. Bent-pentadiynylidene (4) has been missing in the laboratory and the prime focus of our earlier theoretical work. The present theoretical study indicates that isomers 6 and 9 are also viable experimental targets. Apart from ethynylcyclopropenylidene (2), pentatetraenylidene (3), ethynylpropadienylidene (5), and 3-(didehydrovinylidene)cyclopropene (8), which are identified by Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy, the dipole moments of elusive 4, 6, and 9 are also nonzero (μ ≠ 0). The relative energies of these isomers, calculated at the CCSDT(Q)/CBS level of theory, with respect to linear triplet pentadiynylidene (1) reveal that they all lie within 25.1 kcal mol-1. Therefore, geometric, energetic, aromatic, and spectroscopic parameters are reported here, which may assist the efforts of molecular spectroscopists in the future. Anharmonic vibrational calculations on isomers 6 and 9 indicate that the former is loosely bound and would be challenging to be detected experimentally. Among the undetected carbenes, 9 may be considered as a potential target molecule considering its higher polarity and aromatic nature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6618-6627
Number of pages10
JournalThe journal of physical chemistry. A
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


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