The Yo-Yo Test: Reliability and Association with a 20-m Shutttle Run and VO(2max)

A. Thomas, Brian Dawson, Carmel Goodman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the reliability of yo-yo intermittent recovery test (yo-yo) scores and their degree of association with a 20-m shuttle run (20MSR) and VO(2max) values.METHODS: Subjects were elite (Australian Football League [AFL], n = 23), state-level (hockey, n = 15, and cricket, n = 27), and recreational team-sport players (n = 33). All performed a 20MSR and the yo-yo at either level 1 (recreational and state level) or level 2 (AFL). A recreational subgroup (n = 19) also performed a treadmill VO(2max) test.RESULTS: Test-retest results found the yo-yo (levels 1 and 2) to be reliable (ICC = .86 to .95). The 20MSR and yo-yo level 1 scores correlated (P <.01) in the recreational (r = .81 to .83) and state-level groups (r = .84 to .86), and 20MSR and yo-yo level 2 scores, in the elite (r = .86) and recreational groups (r = .55 to .57). The VO(2max) and yo-yo level 1 scores in the recreational group correlated (P <.01, r = .87), but no association was found with yo-yo level 2 (r = .40 to .43, nonsignificant).CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that level 1 (recreational and state level) and level 2 (elite) yo-yo scores were both strongly associated with 20MSR scores and VO(2max) (level 1: recreational subjects only). The yo-yo appears to measure aerobic fitness similarly to the 20MSR but may also be used as a field test of the ability to repeat high-intensity efforts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-149
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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