The XXL Survey: XXI. the environment and clustering of X-ray AGN in the XXL-South field

O. Melnyk, A. Elyiv, V. Smolčić, M. Plionis, E. Koulouridis, S. Fotopoulou, L. Chiappetti, C. Adami, N. Baran, A. Butler, J. Delhaize, I. Delvecchio, F. Finet, M. Huynh, C. Lidman, M. Pierre, E. Pompei, C. Vignali, J. Surdej

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Context. This work is part of a series of studies focusing on the environment and the properties of the X-ray selected active galactic nuclei (AGN) population from the XXL survey. The present survey, given its large area, continuity, extensive multiwavelength coverage, and large-scale structure information, is ideal for this kind of study. Here, we focus on the XXL-South (XXL-S) field. Aims. Our main aim is to study the environment of the various types of X-ray selected AGN and investigate its possible role in AGN triggering and evolution. Methods. We studied the large-scale (>1 Mpc) environment up to redshift z = 1 using the nearest neighbour distance method to compare various pairs of AGN types. We also investigated the small-scale environment (<0.4 Mpc) by calculating the local overdensities of optical galaxies. In addition, we built a catalogue of AGN concentrations with two or more members using the hierarchical clustering method and we correlated them with the X-ray galaxy clusters detected in the XXL survey. Results. It is found that radio detected X-ray sources are more obscured than non-radio ones, though not all radio sources are obscured AGN. We did not find any significant differences in the large-scale clustering between luminous and faint X-ray AGN, or between obscured and unobscured ones, or between radio and non-radio sources. At local scales (<0.4 Mpc), AGN typically reside in overdense regions, compared to non-AGN; however, no differences were found between the various types of AGN. A majority of AGN concentrations with two or more members are found in the neighbourhood of X-ray galaxy clusters within <25-45 Mpc. Our results suggest that X-ray AGN are typically located in supercluster filaments, but they are also found in over- and underdense regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA6
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018


Dive into the research topics of 'The XXL Survey: XXI. the environment and clustering of X-ray AGN in the XXL-South field'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this