The winter pack-ice zone provides a sheltered but food-poor habitat for larval Antarctic krill

Bettina Meyer, Ulrich Freier, Volker Grimm, Jürgen Groeneveld, Brian P.V. Hunt, Sven Kerwath, Rob King, Christine Klaas, Evgeny Pakhomov, Klaus M. Meiners, Jessica Melbourne-Thomas, Eugene J. Murphy, Sally E. Thorpe, Sharon Stammerjohn, Dieter Wolf-Gladrow, Lutz Auerswald, Albrecht Götz, Laura Halbach, Simon Jarman, So KawaguchiThomas Krumpen, Gernot Nehrke, Robert Ricker, Michael Sumner, Mathias Teschke, Rowan Trebilco, Noyan I. Yilmaz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A dominant Antarctic ecological paradigm suggests that winter sea ice is generally the main feeding ground for krill larvae. Observations from our winter cruise to the southwest Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean contradict this view and present the first evidence that the pack-ice zone is a food-poor habitat for larval development. In contrast, the more open marginal ice zone provides a more favourable food environment for high larval krill growth rates. We found that complex under-ice habitats are, however, vital for larval krill when water column productivity is limited by light, by providing structures that offer protection from predators and to collect organic material released from the ice. The larvae feed on this sparse ice-associated food during the day. After sunset, they migrate into the water below the ice (upper 20 m) and drift away from the ice areas where they have previously fed. Model analyses indicate that this behaviour increases both food uptake in a patchy food environment and the likelihood of overwinter transport to areas where feeding conditions are more favourable in spring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1853-1861
Number of pages9
JournalNature Ecology and Evolution
Volume1
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes

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    Meyer, B., Freier, U., Grimm, V., Groeneveld, J., Hunt, B. P. V., Kerwath, S., King, R., Klaas, C., Pakhomov, E., Meiners, K. M., Melbourne-Thomas, J., Murphy, E. J., Thorpe, S. E., Stammerjohn, S., Wolf-Gladrow, D., Auerswald, L., Götz, A., Halbach, L., Jarman, S., ... Yilmaz, N. I. (2017). The winter pack-ice zone provides a sheltered but food-poor habitat for larval Antarctic krill. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 1(12), 1853-1861. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0368-3