The Water Governance Reform Framework: Overview and applications to Australia, Mexico, Tanzania, U.S.A and Vietnam

Quentin Grafton, Dustin Garrick, Ana Manero, Thang Na Do

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The world faces critical water risks in relation to water availability, yet water demand is increasing in most countries. To respond to these risks, some governments and water authorities are reforming their governance frameworks to achieve convergence between water supply and demand and ensure freshwater ecosystem services are sustained. To assist in this reform process, the Water Governance Reform Framework (WGRF) is proposed, which includes seven key strategic considerations: (1) well-defined and publicly available reform objectives; (2) transparency in decision-making and public access to available data; (3) water valuation of uses and non-uses to assess trade-offs and winners and losers; (4) compensation for the marginalized or mitigation for persons who are disadvantaged by reform; (5) reform oversight and “champions”; (6) capacity to deliver; and (7) resilient decision-making. Using these reform criteria, we assess current and possible water reforms in five countries: Murray–Darling Basin (Australia); Rufiji Basin (Tanzania); Colorado Basin (USA and Mexico); and Vietnam. We contend that the WGRF provides a valuable approach to both evaluate and to improve water governance reform and, if employed within a broader water policy cycle, will help deliver both improved water outcomes and more effective water reforms.
Original languageEnglish
Article number137
Number of pages22
JournalWater
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2019

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Tanzania
Vietnam
Mexico
water management
governance
water
reform
Water
basins
decision making
water demand
water policy
basin
supply balance
Decision Making
Water Cycle
public access
reform process
ecosystem services
Decision making

Cite this

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The Water Governance Reform Framework : Overview and applications to Australia, Mexico, Tanzania, U.S.A and Vietnam. / Grafton, Quentin; Garrick, Dustin; Manero, Ana; Do, Thang Na.

In: Water, Vol. 11, No. 1, 137, 14.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Do, Thang Na

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AB - The world faces critical water risks in relation to water availability, yet water demand is increasing in most countries. To respond to these risks, some governments and water authorities are reforming their governance frameworks to achieve convergence between water supply and demand and ensure freshwater ecosystem services are sustained. To assist in this reform process, the Water Governance Reform Framework (WGRF) is proposed, which includes seven key strategic considerations: (1) well-defined and publicly available reform objectives; (2) transparency in decision-making and public access to available data; (3) water valuation of uses and non-uses to assess trade-offs and winners and losers; (4) compensation for the marginalized or mitigation for persons who are disadvantaged by reform; (5) reform oversight and “champions”; (6) capacity to deliver; and (7) resilient decision-making. Using these reform criteria, we assess current and possible water reforms in five countries: Murray–Darling Basin (Australia); Rufiji Basin (Tanzania); Colorado Basin (USA and Mexico); and Vietnam. We contend that the WGRF provides a valuable approach to both evaluate and to improve water governance reform and, if employed within a broader water policy cycle, will help deliver both improved water outcomes and more effective water reforms.

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