To examine the effect of hyperinflation on the volume displaced by diaphragm motion (Delta Vdi), we compared nine subjects with emphysema and severe hyperinflation [residual volume (RV)/ total lung capacity (TLC) 0.65 +/- 0.08; mean +/- SD] with 10 healthy controls. Posteroanterior and lateral chest X rays at RV, functional residual capacity, one-half inspiratory capacity, and TLC were used to measure the length of diaphragm apposed to ribcage (Lap), cross-sectional area of the pulmonary ribcage, DVdi, and volume beneath the lung-apposed dome of the diaphragm. Emphysema subjects, relative to controls, had increased Lap at comparable lung volumes (4.3 vs. 1.0 cm near predicted TLC, 95% confidence interval 3.4-5.2 vs. 0-2.1), pulmonary rib cage cross-sectional area (emphysema/controls 1.22 +/- 0.03, P<0.001 at functional residual capacity), and Vdi/Delta Lap (0.25 vs. 0.14 liters/cm, P<0.05). During a vital capacity inspiration, relative to controls, Vdi was normal in five (1.94 +/- 0.51 liters) and decreased in four (0.51 +/- 0.40 liters) emphysema subjects, and volume beneath the dome did not increase in emphysema (0 +/- 0.36 vs. 0.82 +/- 0.80 liters, P<0.05). We conclude that DVdi can be normal in emphysema because 1) hyperinflation is shared between ribcage and diaphragm, preserving Lap, and 2) the diaphragm remains flat during inspiration.
|Journal||Journal of Applied Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|