The VMC survey: XVII. Proper motions of the Small Magellanic Cloud and the Milky Way globular cluster 47 Tucanae

Maria Rosa L Cioni, Kenji Bekki, Léo Girardi, Richard De Grijs, Mike J. Irwin, Valentin D. Ivanov, Marcella Marconi, Joana M. Oliveira, Andrés E. Piatti, Vincenzo Ripepi, Jacco Th Van Loon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aims. In this study we use multi-epoch near-infrared observations from the VISTA survey of the Magellanic Cloud system (VMC) to measure the proper motions of different stellar populations in a tile of 1.5 deg2 in size in the direction of the Galactic globular cluster 47 Tuc. We obtain the proper motion of the cluster itself, of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), and of the field Milky Way stars. Methods. Stars of the three main stellar components are selected according to their spatial distributions and their distributions in colour-magnitude diagrams. Their average coordinate displacement is computed from the difference between multiple Ks-band observations for stars as faint as Ks = 19 mag. Proper motions are derived from the slope of the best-fitting line among ten VMC epochs over a time baseline of ~1 yr. Background galaxies are used to calibrate the absolute astrometric reference frame. Results. The resulting absolute proper motion of 47 Tuc is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+7.26 ± 0.03, -1.25 ± 0.03) mas yr-1. This measurement refers to about 35 000 sources distributed between 10′ and 60′ from the cluster centre. For the SMC we obtain (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+1.16 ± 0.07, -0.81 ± 0.07) mas yr-1 from about 5250 red clump and red giant branch stars. The absolute proper motion of the Milky Way population in the line of sight (l = 305.9, b = -44.9) of this VISTA tile is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+10.22 ± 0.14, -1.27 ± 0.12) mas yr-1 and has been calculated from about 4000 sources. Systematic uncertainties associated with the astrometric reference system are 0.18 mas yr-1. Thanks to the proper motion we detect 47 Tuc stars beyond its tidal radius.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA77
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume586
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

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proper motion
Magellanic clouds
globular clusters
near infrared
diagram
spatial distribution
stars
tiles
time measurement
reference systems
color-magnitude diagram
clumps
line of sight
method
distribution
slopes
galaxies
radii

Cite this

Cioni, Maria Rosa L ; Bekki, Kenji ; Girardi, Léo ; De Grijs, Richard ; Irwin, Mike J. ; Ivanov, Valentin D. ; Marconi, Marcella ; Oliveira, Joana M. ; Piatti, Andrés E. ; Ripepi, Vincenzo ; Van Loon, Jacco Th. / The VMC survey : XVII. Proper motions of the Small Magellanic Cloud and the Milky Way globular cluster 47 Tucanae. In: Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2016 ; Vol. 586.
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abstract = "Aims. In this study we use multi-epoch near-infrared observations from the VISTA survey of the Magellanic Cloud system (VMC) to measure the proper motions of different stellar populations in a tile of 1.5 deg2 in size in the direction of the Galactic globular cluster 47 Tuc. We obtain the proper motion of the cluster itself, of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), and of the field Milky Way stars. Methods. Stars of the three main stellar components are selected according to their spatial distributions and their distributions in colour-magnitude diagrams. Their average coordinate displacement is computed from the difference between multiple Ks-band observations for stars as faint as Ks = 19 mag. Proper motions are derived from the slope of the best-fitting line among ten VMC epochs over a time baseline of ~1 yr. Background galaxies are used to calibrate the absolute astrometric reference frame. Results. The resulting absolute proper motion of 47 Tuc is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+7.26 ± 0.03, -1.25 ± 0.03) mas yr-1. This measurement refers to about 35 000 sources distributed between 10′ and 60′ from the cluster centre. For the SMC we obtain (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+1.16 ± 0.07, -0.81 ± 0.07) mas yr-1 from about 5250 red clump and red giant branch stars. The absolute proper motion of the Milky Way population in the line of sight (l = 305.9, b = -44.9) of this VISTA tile is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+10.22 ± 0.14, -1.27 ± 0.12) mas yr-1 and has been calculated from about 4000 sources. Systematic uncertainties associated with the astrometric reference system are 0.18 mas yr-1. Thanks to the proper motion we detect 47 Tuc stars beyond its tidal radius.",
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The VMC survey : XVII. Proper motions of the Small Magellanic Cloud and the Milky Way globular cluster 47 Tucanae. / Cioni, Maria Rosa L; Bekki, Kenji; Girardi, Léo; De Grijs, Richard; Irwin, Mike J.; Ivanov, Valentin D.; Marconi, Marcella; Oliveira, Joana M.; Piatti, Andrés E.; Ripepi, Vincenzo; Van Loon, Jacco Th.

In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 586, A77, 01.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The VMC survey

T2 - XVII. Proper motions of the Small Magellanic Cloud and the Milky Way globular cluster 47 Tucanae

AU - Cioni, Maria Rosa L

AU - Bekki, Kenji

AU - Girardi, Léo

AU - De Grijs, Richard

AU - Irwin, Mike J.

AU - Ivanov, Valentin D.

AU - Marconi, Marcella

AU - Oliveira, Joana M.

AU - Piatti, Andrés E.

AU - Ripepi, Vincenzo

AU - Van Loon, Jacco Th

PY - 2016/2/1

Y1 - 2016/2/1

N2 - Aims. In this study we use multi-epoch near-infrared observations from the VISTA survey of the Magellanic Cloud system (VMC) to measure the proper motions of different stellar populations in a tile of 1.5 deg2 in size in the direction of the Galactic globular cluster 47 Tuc. We obtain the proper motion of the cluster itself, of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), and of the field Milky Way stars. Methods. Stars of the three main stellar components are selected according to their spatial distributions and their distributions in colour-magnitude diagrams. Their average coordinate displacement is computed from the difference between multiple Ks-band observations for stars as faint as Ks = 19 mag. Proper motions are derived from the slope of the best-fitting line among ten VMC epochs over a time baseline of ~1 yr. Background galaxies are used to calibrate the absolute astrometric reference frame. Results. The resulting absolute proper motion of 47 Tuc is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+7.26 ± 0.03, -1.25 ± 0.03) mas yr-1. This measurement refers to about 35 000 sources distributed between 10′ and 60′ from the cluster centre. For the SMC we obtain (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+1.16 ± 0.07, -0.81 ± 0.07) mas yr-1 from about 5250 red clump and red giant branch stars. The absolute proper motion of the Milky Way population in the line of sight (l = 305.9, b = -44.9) of this VISTA tile is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+10.22 ± 0.14, -1.27 ± 0.12) mas yr-1 and has been calculated from about 4000 sources. Systematic uncertainties associated with the astrometric reference system are 0.18 mas yr-1. Thanks to the proper motion we detect 47 Tuc stars beyond its tidal radius.

AB - Aims. In this study we use multi-epoch near-infrared observations from the VISTA survey of the Magellanic Cloud system (VMC) to measure the proper motions of different stellar populations in a tile of 1.5 deg2 in size in the direction of the Galactic globular cluster 47 Tuc. We obtain the proper motion of the cluster itself, of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC), and of the field Milky Way stars. Methods. Stars of the three main stellar components are selected according to their spatial distributions and their distributions in colour-magnitude diagrams. Their average coordinate displacement is computed from the difference between multiple Ks-band observations for stars as faint as Ks = 19 mag. Proper motions are derived from the slope of the best-fitting line among ten VMC epochs over a time baseline of ~1 yr. Background galaxies are used to calibrate the absolute astrometric reference frame. Results. The resulting absolute proper motion of 47 Tuc is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+7.26 ± 0.03, -1.25 ± 0.03) mas yr-1. This measurement refers to about 35 000 sources distributed between 10′ and 60′ from the cluster centre. For the SMC we obtain (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+1.16 ± 0.07, -0.81 ± 0.07) mas yr-1 from about 5250 red clump and red giant branch stars. The absolute proper motion of the Milky Way population in the line of sight (l = 305.9, b = -44.9) of this VISTA tile is (μαcos(δ), μδ) = (+10.22 ± 0.14, -1.27 ± 0.12) mas yr-1 and has been calculated from about 4000 sources. Systematic uncertainties associated with the astrometric reference system are 0.18 mas yr-1. Thanks to the proper motion we detect 47 Tuc stars beyond its tidal radius.

KW - Globular clusters: individual: 47 Tucanae

KW - Magellanic Clouds

KW - Proper motions

KW - Surveys

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U2 - 10.1051/0004-6361/201527004

DO - 10.1051/0004-6361/201527004

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