The velocity function in the local environment from λcdm and λwdm constrained simulations

J. Zavala, Y. P. Jing, A. Faltenbacher, G. Yepes, Y. Hoffman, Stefan Gottlöber, B. Catinella

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155 Citations (Scopus)


Using constrained simulations of the local universe for generic cold dark matter (CDM) and for 1 keV warm dark matter (WDM), we investigate the difference in the abundance of dark matter halos in the local environment. We find that the mass function (MF) within 20 h -1 Mpc of the Local Group is 2 times larger than the universal MF in the 109-1013 h -1 M mass range. Imposing the field of view of the ongoing H I blind survey Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) in our simulations, we predict that the velocity function (VF) in the Virgo-direction region (VdR) exceeds the universal VF by a factor of 3. Furthermore, employing a scheme to translate the halo VF into a galaxy VF, we compare the simulation results with a sample of galaxies from the early catalog release of ALFALFA. We find that our simulations are able to reproduce the VF in the 80-300 km s-1 velocity range, having a value 10 times larger than the universal VF in the VdR. In the low-velocity regime, 35-80 km s-1, the WDM simulation reproduces the observed flattening of the VF. In contrast, the simulation with CDM predicts a steep rise in the VF toward lower velocities; for V max = 35 km s-1, it forecasts 10 times more sources than the ones observed. If confirmed by the complete ALFALFA survey, our results indicate a potential problem for the CDM paradigm or for the conventional assumptions about energetic feedback in dwarf galaxies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1779-1793
Number of pages15
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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