The utility of continuous glucose monitoring systems in the management of children with persistent hypoglycaemia

Sathyakala Vijayanand, Paul G Stevenson, Maree Grant, Catherine S Choong, Elizabeth A Davis, Mary B Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


OBJECTIVES: Glucose monitoring is vital in children with persistent hypoglycaemia to reduce the risk of adverse neuro-behavioural outcomes; especially in children with hyperinsulinism. The role of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems in monitoring glucose levels in this cohort is limited. The objective of this study was to ascertain the effectiveness of CGM and to evaluate parents' experience of using CGM for monitoring glucose levels in children with hypoglycaemia.

METHODS: Retrospective analysis of sensor glucose (SG) values from Dexcom G4 CGM with paired finger-prick blood glucose (BG) values was performed to determine the accuracy of CGM. The parent experience of CGM was assessed using a questionnaire administered to families of children with congenital hyperinsulinism currently attending the clinic.

RESULTS: SG data from 40 children (median age 6 months) with persistent hypoglycaemia (60% Hyperinsulinism) were analysed. The mean difference between 5,650 paired BG and SG values was 0.28 mmol/L. The sensitivity and specificity of CGM to identify severe hypoglycaemia (BG < 3.0 mmol/L) were 54.3% (95% CI: 39.0%, 69.1%) and 97.4% (95% CI: 96.9%, 97.8%) respectively. Parents (n=11) reported less anxiety (n=9), better sleep at night (n=7) and preferred to use CGM for monitoring (n=9).

CONCLUSIONS: Although the high number of false-positive readings precludes the routine use of CGM in the evaluation of hypoglycaemia, it avoids unnecessary BG testing during normoglycaemia. It is an acceptable tool for parents for monitoring their children who are at risk of hypoglycaemia. Newer CGM systems with improved accuracy at lower glucose levels have the potential to further improve monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1567-1572
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
Issue number12
Early online date15 Sep 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2021


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