Background: While use of thrombolytic therapy in the management of acute myocardial infarction has become accepted practice in major teaching hospitals, its use in peripheral metropolitan hospitals has not been well accepted. Aim: To evaluate the use of thrombolytic therapy in the management of acute myocardial infarction in the Emergency Department (ED) of a peripheral metropolitan hospital. Methods: A mixed prospective and retrospective observational study of 69 patients with acute myocardial infarction, who received thrombolytic therapy during a three year period, was conducted in a community based ED. Results: Demographic data, door to drug interval, complications occurring during administration of thrombolytics and subsequent interhospital transfer were recorded. The mean door to drug interval in 1992 was 79.7 minutes (95% CI: 50.7 to 109.1) and by 1994 this had fallen to 25.6 minutes (95% CI: 18.9 to 32.3). Hypotension (22%) was the most common complication of therapy observed and cardiac arrest occurred in two cases (3.2%). A single episode of hypotension and vomiting were the only complications that occurred during interhospital transfer. There were no deaths during therapy or transfer. Conclusion: Thrombolytic therapy can be undertaken in the EDs of peripheral metropolitan hospitals in a safe and timely manner. There is little justification for routine medical escorts in the clinically stable post thrombolysis patient.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Australian and New Zealand Journal of Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 1996|