The tissue factor pathway in ischemic stroke

M.J. Adams, J. Thom, Graeme Hankey, R. Baker, G. Gilmore, J. Staton, J.W. Eikelboom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


To explore the role of the the tissue factor (TF) pathway in ischemic stroke. We measured blood concentrations of markers of the TF pathway [TF antigen, free tissue factor pathway inhibitor antigen (TFPlf) and activity (TFPlac), and activated factor VII (FVIIa)] within 7 days (acute phase) and after 3-6 months (convalescence) in 150 patients with first-ever ischemic stroke and 150 community controls. During the acute phase, TF antigen and TFPlf were not significantly altered but TFPlac was increased (mean 1.27 versus 1.13 U/ml, P = 0.04) and FVIIa was decreased in cases compared with controls (mean 43.3 versus 57.9 mU/ml, P = 0.0004). After adjusting for baseline differences between cases and controls, increasing quartiles of TFPlf were independently associated with reduced odds of stroke, and reducing quartiles of FVIIa and increasing quartiles of TFPlac with increased odds of stroke. During the convalescent phase, FVII and TFPlac returned to normal but TF antigen and TFPlf were significantly decreased compared with controls [median TF antigen, 110 (follow-up) versus 155 pg/ml (controls), P = 0.0008; median TFPlf, 15.5 (follow-up) versus 23.3 ng/ml (controls), P = 0.002]. Alterations of blood concentrations of TF pathway markers are common in patients with acute ischemic stroke. The mechanisms are unclear but may relate to enhanced formation of TF-FVIIa complexes and upregulation and release of TFPI during the acute phase, and ongoing consumption of TF antigen and TFPlf during the chronic phase as the atherosclerotic plaque heals.
Original languageEnglish
Article number14
Pages (from-to)527-532
JournalBlood coagulation & fibrinolysis
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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