The temporal integration windows for visual mirror symmetry

Cayla A. Bellagarda, J. Edwin Dickinson, Jason Bell, David R. Badcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Symmetry perception in dot patterns is tolerant to temporal delays of up to 60 ms within and between element pairs. However, it is not known how factors effecting symmetry discrimination in static patterns might affect temporal integration in dynamic patterns. One such feature is luminance polarity. Using dynamic stimuli with increasing temporal delay (SOA) between the onset of the first and second element in a symmetric pair, we investigated how four different luminance-polarity conditions affected the temporal integration of symmetric patterns. All four luminance polarity conditions showed similar upper temporal limits of approximately 60 ms. However psychophysical performance over all delay durations showed significantly higher symmetry thresholds for unmatched-polarity patterns at short delays, but also significantly less sensitivity to increasing temporal delay relative to matched-polarity patterns. These varying temporal windows are consistent with the involvement of a fast, sensitive first-order mechanism for matched-polarity patterns, and a slower, more robust second-order mechanism for unmatched-polarity patterns. Temporal integration windows for unmatched-polarity patterns were not consistent with performance expected from attentional mechanisms alone, and instead supports the involvement of second-order mechanisms that combines information from ON and OFF channels.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-192
Number of pages9
JournalVision Research
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


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