The study of stress determination and back calculation in the Canadian shield

Phillip Dight, Chung-Min Hsieh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Conference paperConference paperpeer-review


The Deformation Rate Analysis (ORA) technique can be used to estimate the in situ stress from orientated core
obtained from exploration or for example from a block of rock extracted from the side of a drive. In the former case
it doesn't require underground access and in both cases the results are free from influence of anisotropy unlike all
other methods available; it also costs much less than conventional stress measurement methods (e.g. USBM, HI,
HF) as neither special access nor specific drilling are required. However, the nature of this method makes it very
sensitive to the test environment and the rock properties can influence the accuracy of prediction. In order to
achieve a good quality result, extra attention and back calculation are required.

In this paper we discuss a successful case using ORA to predict the in situ stress. The test was done at a location
where the ice sheet was present many thousands years ago. Without the knowledge of the stress condition, the
client supplied information on sample depth below surface, regional structure, and nearby openings prior to the
testing. The rock core was carefully selected and some trial tests were conducted to check the reliability of result.
In the analysis stage, the resuH was examined using available information to eliminate the induced stress or any
artificial stress generated during core extraction. After all procedures been undertaken, the result was compared
with the in situ stress obtain by a different method by the client and the difference between two methods was
confirmed to be minimal.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication7th International Symposium on In-Situ Rock Stress
Editors Raasakka, Erik Johansson
PublisherJapanese Geotechnical Soc
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9789517586061
ISBN (Print)978-951-758-806-1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event7th International Symposium on In-Situ Rock Stress: RS2016 Symposium - Tampere, Finland
Duration: 10 May 201612 May 2016

Publication series

NameISRM International Symposium on In-Situ Rock Stress, ISRS 2016


Conference7th International Symposium on In-Situ Rock Stress


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