The structure and measurement of unusual sensory experiences in different modalities: The Multi-Modality unusual sensory experiences questionnaire (MUSEQ)

Claire A. A. Mitchell, Murray T. Maybery, Suzanna N. Russell-Smith, Daniel Collerton, Gilles E. Gignac, Flavie Waters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hallucinations and other unusual sensory experiences (USE) can occur in all modalities in the general population. Yet, the existing literature is dominated by investigations into auditory hallucinations ("voices"), while other modalities remain under-researched. Furthermore, there is a paucity of measures which can systematically assess different modalities, which limits our ability to detect individual and group differences across modalities. The current study explored such differences using a new scale, the Multi-Modality Unusual Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (MUSEQ). The MUSEQ is a 43-item self-report measure which assesses USE in six modalities: auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, bodily sensations, and sensed presence. Scale development and validation involved a total of 1,300 participants, which included: 513 students and community members for initial development, 32 individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorder or bipolar disorder for validation, 659 students for factor replication, and 96 students for test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a correlated-factors model and bifactor model yielded acceptable model fit, while a unidimensional model fitted poorly. These findings were confirmed in the replication sample. Results showed contributions from a general common factor, as well as modality-specific factors. The latter accounted for less variance than the general factor, but could still detect theoretically meaningful group differences. The MUSEQ showed good reliability, construct validity, and could discriminate non-clinical and clinical groups. The MUSEQ offers a reliable means of measuring hallucinations and other USE in six different modalities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1363
Number of pages18
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Aug 2017

Cite this

@article{cdb9fd155d544912b653fea467d2c836,
title = "The structure and measurement of unusual sensory experiences in different modalities: The Multi-Modality unusual sensory experiences questionnaire (MUSEQ)",
abstract = "Hallucinations and other unusual sensory experiences (USE) can occur in all modalities in the general population. Yet, the existing literature is dominated by investigations into auditory hallucinations ({"}voices{"}), while other modalities remain under-researched. Furthermore, there is a paucity of measures which can systematically assess different modalities, which limits our ability to detect individual and group differences across modalities. The current study explored such differences using a new scale, the Multi-Modality Unusual Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (MUSEQ). The MUSEQ is a 43-item self-report measure which assesses USE in six modalities: auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, bodily sensations, and sensed presence. Scale development and validation involved a total of 1,300 participants, which included: 513 students and community members for initial development, 32 individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorder or bipolar disorder for validation, 659 students for factor replication, and 96 students for test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a correlated-factors model and bifactor model yielded acceptable model fit, while a unidimensional model fitted poorly. These findings were confirmed in the replication sample. Results showed contributions from a general common factor, as well as modality-specific factors. The latter accounted for less variance than the general factor, but could still detect theoretically meaningful group differences. The MUSEQ showed good reliability, construct validity, and could discriminate non-clinical and clinical groups. The MUSEQ offers a reliable means of measuring hallucinations and other USE in six different modalities.",
keywords = "hallucination, voices, visions, sensed presence, perception, sensory modalities, self-report scale, proneness, VISUAL HALLUCINATIONS, PARKINSONS-DISEASE, GENERAL-POPULATION, PSYCHOTIC EXPERIENCES, AUDITORY HALLUCINATIONS, PHENOMENOLOGICAL SURVEY, SCREENING-INSTRUMENT, NONCLINICAL SAMPLE, SENSED PRESENCE, PREVALENCE",
author = "Mitchell, {Claire A. A.} and Maybery, {Murray T.} and Russell-Smith, {Suzanna N.} and Daniel Collerton and Gignac, {Gilles E.} and Flavie Waters",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "11",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01363",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media SA",

}

The structure and measurement of unusual sensory experiences in different modalities : The Multi-Modality unusual sensory experiences questionnaire (MUSEQ). / Mitchell, Claire A. A.; Maybery, Murray T.; Russell-Smith, Suzanna N.; Collerton, Daniel; Gignac, Gilles E.; Waters, Flavie.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 8, 1363, 11.08.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The structure and measurement of unusual sensory experiences in different modalities

T2 - The Multi-Modality unusual sensory experiences questionnaire (MUSEQ)

AU - Mitchell, Claire A. A.

AU - Maybery, Murray T.

AU - Russell-Smith, Suzanna N.

AU - Collerton, Daniel

AU - Gignac, Gilles E.

AU - Waters, Flavie

PY - 2017/8/11

Y1 - 2017/8/11

N2 - Hallucinations and other unusual sensory experiences (USE) can occur in all modalities in the general population. Yet, the existing literature is dominated by investigations into auditory hallucinations ("voices"), while other modalities remain under-researched. Furthermore, there is a paucity of measures which can systematically assess different modalities, which limits our ability to detect individual and group differences across modalities. The current study explored such differences using a new scale, the Multi-Modality Unusual Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (MUSEQ). The MUSEQ is a 43-item self-report measure which assesses USE in six modalities: auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, bodily sensations, and sensed presence. Scale development and validation involved a total of 1,300 participants, which included: 513 students and community members for initial development, 32 individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorder or bipolar disorder for validation, 659 students for factor replication, and 96 students for test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a correlated-factors model and bifactor model yielded acceptable model fit, while a unidimensional model fitted poorly. These findings were confirmed in the replication sample. Results showed contributions from a general common factor, as well as modality-specific factors. The latter accounted for less variance than the general factor, but could still detect theoretically meaningful group differences. The MUSEQ showed good reliability, construct validity, and could discriminate non-clinical and clinical groups. The MUSEQ offers a reliable means of measuring hallucinations and other USE in six different modalities.

AB - Hallucinations and other unusual sensory experiences (USE) can occur in all modalities in the general population. Yet, the existing literature is dominated by investigations into auditory hallucinations ("voices"), while other modalities remain under-researched. Furthermore, there is a paucity of measures which can systematically assess different modalities, which limits our ability to detect individual and group differences across modalities. The current study explored such differences using a new scale, the Multi-Modality Unusual Sensory Experiences Questionnaire (MUSEQ). The MUSEQ is a 43-item self-report measure which assesses USE in six modalities: auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, bodily sensations, and sensed presence. Scale development and validation involved a total of 1,300 participants, which included: 513 students and community members for initial development, 32 individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorder or bipolar disorder for validation, 659 students for factor replication, and 96 students for test-retest reliability. Confirmatory factor analyses showed that a correlated-factors model and bifactor model yielded acceptable model fit, while a unidimensional model fitted poorly. These findings were confirmed in the replication sample. Results showed contributions from a general common factor, as well as modality-specific factors. The latter accounted for less variance than the general factor, but could still detect theoretically meaningful group differences. The MUSEQ showed good reliability, construct validity, and could discriminate non-clinical and clinical groups. The MUSEQ offers a reliable means of measuring hallucinations and other USE in six different modalities.

KW - hallucination

KW - voices

KW - visions

KW - sensed presence

KW - perception

KW - sensory modalities

KW - self-report scale

KW - proneness

KW - VISUAL HALLUCINATIONS

KW - PARKINSONS-DISEASE

KW - GENERAL-POPULATION

KW - PSYCHOTIC EXPERIENCES

KW - AUDITORY HALLUCINATIONS

KW - PHENOMENOLOGICAL SURVEY

KW - SCREENING-INSTRUMENT

KW - NONCLINICAL SAMPLE

KW - SENSED PRESENCE

KW - PREVALENCE

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01363

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01363

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 1363

ER -