The Bardoc Tectonic Zone ( BTZ) of the late Archaean Eastern Goldfields Province, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia, is physically linked along strike to the Boulder- Lefroy Shear Zone ( BLSZ), one of the richest orogenic gold shear systems in the world. However, gold production in the BTZ has only been one order of magnitude smaller than that of the BLSZ (similar to 100 t Au vs > 1,500 t Au). The reasons for this difference can be found in the relative timing, distribution and style( s) of deformation that controlled gold deposition in the two shear systems. Deformation within the BTZ was relatively simple and is associated with tight to iso- clinal folding and reverse to transpressive shear zones over a < 12- km- wide area of high straining, where lithological contacts have been rotated towards the plane of maximum shortening. These structures control gold mineralisation and also correspond to the second major shortening phase of the province ( D-2). In contrast, shearing within the BLSZ is concentrated to narrow shear zones (< 2 km wide) cutting through rocks at a range of orientations that underwent more complex dip- and strike- slip deformation, possibly developed throughout the different deformation phases recorded in the region ( D-1 D-4). Independent of other physico- chemical factors, these differences provided for effective fluid localisation to host units with greater competency contrasts during a prolonged mineralisation process in the BLSZ as compared to the more simple structural history of the BTZ.