The simulation of thermo-hydro-chemical coupled heat extraction process in fractured geothermal reservoir

Yun Chen, Guowei Ma, Huidong Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Chemical reaction effect is a critical issue in the heat extraction process of a fractured geothermal reservoir. In this study, the thermo-hydro-chemical coupled condition is simulated based on a unified pipe-network method (UPM) by considering interconnected fracture networks embedded in the rock mass. The chemical reaction kinetics of silica precipitation and dissolution is incorporated to capture and examine the effects of the silica-water interaction on the evolution of fracture apertures. The chemical influenced heat transfer between solid and fluid phases in the fractured porous media is characterized by a local thermal non-equilibrium (LTNE) model introduced based on two energy balance equations. A pipe equivalent technique is used to discretize the multiphysical coupled equations and unify the fracture-matrix information at the interface through the superposition principle in the UPM framework. Convergence tests are performed to verify the proposed model with one large fracture embedded in a doublet system for geothermal development. Fracture networks are then introduced in a case study where the influences of different injection temperature, saturation condition, injection pressure differential and initial fracture aperture on the silica reaction related alteration of fracture apertures as well as the heat production are analyzed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-870
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


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