The Shadows and Shallows of Explanation

Robert A. Wilson, Frank Keil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We introduce two notions - the shadows and the shallows of explanation - in opening up explanation to broader, interdisciplinary investigation. The "shadows of explanation" refer to past philosophical efforts to provide either a conceptual analysis of explanation or in some other way to pinpoint the essence of explanation. The "shallows of explanation" refer to the phenomenon of having surprisingly limited everyday, individual cognitive abilities when it comes to explanation. Explanations are ubiquitous, but they typically are not accompanied by the depth that we might, prima facie, expect. We explain the existence of the shadows and shallows of explanation in terms of there being a theoretical abyss between explanation and richer, theoretical structures that are often attributed to people. We offer an account of the shallows, in particular, both in terms of shorn-down, internal, mental machinery, and in terms of an enriched, public symbolic environment, relative to the currently dominant ways of thinking about cognition and the world.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-159
Number of pages23
JournalMinds and Machines
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998
Externally publishedYes

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