The SAMI Galaxy Survey: Using concentrated star formation and stellar population ages to understand environmental quenching

Di Wang, Scott M. Croom, Julia J. Bryant, Sam P. Vaughan, Adam L. Schaefer, Francesco D'Eugenio, Stefania Barsanti, Sarah Brough, Claudia del P. Lagos, Anne M. Medling, Sree Oh, Jesse van de Sande, Giulia Santucci, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Michael Goodwin, Brent Groves, Jon Lawrence, Matt S. Owers, Samuel Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study environmental quenching using the spatial distribution of current star formation and stellar population ages with the full SAMI Galaxy Survey. By using a star formation concentration index [C-index, defined as log(10)(r(50, H alpha)/r(50, cont))], we separate our sample into regular galaxies (C-index >=-0.2) and galaxies with centrally concentrated star formation (SF-concentrated; C-index 10(14)M(circle dot)). We find the fraction of SF-concentrated galaxies increases as halo mass increases by 9 +/- 2 per cent, 8 +/- 3 per cent, 19 +/- 4 per cent, and 29 +/- 4 per cent for ungrouped galaxies, low-mass groups, high-mass groups, and clusters, respectively. We interpret these results as evidence for 'outside-in' quenching in groups and clusters. To investigate the quenching time-scale in SF-concentrated galaxies, we calculate light-weighted age (Age(L)) and mass-weighted age (Age(M)) using full spectral fitting, as well as the D(n)4000 and H delta(A) indices. We assume that the average galaxy age radial profile before entering a group or cluster is similar to ungrouped regular galaxies. At large radius (1-2 R-e), SF-concentrated galaxies in high-mass groups have older ages than ungrouped regular galaxies with an age difference of 1.83 +/- 0.38 Gyr for Age(L) and 1.34 +/- 0.56 Gyr for Age(M). This suggests that while 'outside-in' quenching can be effective in groups, the process will not quickly quench the entire galaxy. In contrast, the ages at 1-2 R-e of cluster SF-concentrated galaxies and ungrouped regular galaxies are consistent (difference of 0.19 +/- 0.21 Gyr for Age(L), 0.40 +/- 0.61 Gyr for Age(M)), suggesting the quenching process must be rapid.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3411-3430
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume516
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022

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