The Role of Colloidal Stability in the Formation of Gold Sols

Simon Biggs, M. K. Chow, Charles F. Zukoski, Franz Grieser

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The stability of gold sols, formed by the reduction of AuCl-4 with trisodium citrate, was examined as a function of reaction time using optical spectroscopy and direct force measurements performed with an atomic force microscope (AFM). The competitive adsorption of the ions and the effects of each species on the dispersion forces for the sol are examined. Analysis of the data suggests that the AuCl-4 is adsorbed preferentially at the gold/water interface but, due to its lower charge density, is not as efficient a dispersion agent as the trivalent citrate anion. The use of raw force data from the AFM to attain a qualitative understanding of colloidal phenomena is also demonstrated with this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)511-513
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume160
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 1993

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