The role of arterial elasticity and cardiovascular peripheral resistance as clinically relevant indices of health status in people with psychosis

L.A. A. Hahn, A. MacKinnon, D.L. L. Foley, Vera A. Morgan, Anna Waterreus, Gerald F. Watts, David J. Castle, D. Liu, C.A. A. Galletly

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    Abstract

    Objective
    Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) are higher in people with psychosis compared to the general population, but there is little research into measures of the elasticity of the arterial wall (pulse pressure; PP) and peripheral resistance (mean arterial pressure; MAP). PP and MAP can provide an additional perspective on the functioning of the circulatory system. This study investigated PP and MAP in people with psychosis, using factors known to be related to PP and MAP in the general population.
    Method
    Participants included 1421 people aged 18–64 years, from the second Australian national survey of psychosis, untreated with antihypertensive medication. We tested the interaction and main effects between age and gender on PP, MAP, systolic BP and diastolic BP. Odds ratios were calculated in people exceeding the at-risk thresholds for PP and MAP. Multiple linear regression was used to test whether factors associated with at-risk PP and MAP in the general population were similarly associated in the psychosis population.
    Results
    The interaction effect between age and gender on PP, MAP, systolic BP and diastolic BP was not statistically significant. Variables that retained significance in the regression model in explaining higher PP and MAP were: male gender, higher age, and having a family history of hypertension.
    Conclusion
    Clinicians monitoring and treating CV risk in this population need to ensure that they have recorded whether there is a family history of hypertension, and should be especially, more vigilant in men and in older patients.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)88-95
    Number of pages8
    JournalSchizophrenia Research
    Volume184
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

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