Over the past decade, a number of Australian cities have been reshaped by the so-called resource 'super-cycle'. Sustained rises in both demand and prices for mineral and energy commodities have driven new investment, immigration, socioeconomic upheaval and major shifts in urban form and structure. While Perth, Brisbane and Darwin have been at the 'sharp edge' of this transformation, it is some of the nation's smaller remote cities that have witnessed the most radical changes. Drawing on the cases of the Pilbara regional towns of Karratha and Port Hedland, this paper examines the ways in which the resource super-cycle has transformed remote cities and how policy-makers and planners have responded to the associated challenges. It pays particular attention to the economic performance of Karratha and Port Hedland, focusing on the distinctive trajectories and planning responses associated with different forms and stages of resource development.