The Relationship between Pulmonary Artery Pressure and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes: A Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II and National Echocardiographic Database of Australia Data Linkage Study

Nishant Nundlall, David Playford, Geoff Strange, Timothy M.E. Davis, Wendy A. Davis

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Abstract

An elevated estimated right ventricular systolic pressure (eRVSP) identified on echocardiography is present in one-third of individuals with type 2 diabetes, but its prognostic significance is unknown. To assess the relationship between eRVSP and mortality, prospective data from 1732 participants in the Fremantle Diabetes Study Phase II were linked with the National Echocardiographic Database of Australia. Of this cohort, 416 (mean age 70.6 years, 47.4% males) had an eRVSP measured and 381 (91.4%) had previously confirmed type 2 diabetes. Receiver- operating characteristic analysis of the relationship between eRVSP and all-cause mortality was conducted. Survival analyses were performed for participants with type 2 diabetes diagnosed before first measured eRVSP (n = 349). Cox regression identified clinical and echocardiographic associates of all-cause mortality. There were 141 deaths (40.4%) during 2348 person-years (mean ± SD 6.7 ± 4.0 years) of follow-up. In unadjusted Kaplan–Meier analysis, mortality rose with higher eRVSP (log-rank test, p < 0.001). In unadjusted pairwise comparisons, eRVSP >30 to 35, >35 to 40, and >40 mmHg had significantly increased mortality compared with eRVSP ≤ 30 mmHg (p = 0.025, p = 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively). There were 50 deaths in 173 individuals (29.1%) with eRVSP ≤ 30 mmHg, and 91 in 177 (51.4%) with eRVSP > 30 mmHg (log-rank test, p < 0.001). In adjusted models including age, Aboriginal descent, Charlson Comorbidity Index ≥ 3 and left heart disease, eRVSP > 30 mmHg predicted a two-fold higher all-cause mortality versus ≤ 30 mmHg. An eRVSP > 30 mmHg predicts increased all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetes. Where available, eRVSP could inform type 2 diabetes outcome models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7685
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2023

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