The physical literacy of children with behavioural and emotional mental health disorders: A scoping review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Introduction
Mental Health Disorders (MHDs) affect 20% of children and youth. To improve long-term physiological and psychological health outcomes for children with MHDs, regular physical activity (PA) participation is essential. Physical literacy, comprising physical competence, PA-related knowledge and understanding, and perceptions of motivation and confidence, may aid understanding of the PA behaviours of children with MHDs. The purpose of this scoping review was to establish the physical literacy levels of children with MHDs.

Method
Scoping Review. Database searches of Medline, Scopus, Embase, PsycINFO and Sportdiscus were conducted for publications from 1985 to 2018. Broad search terms included: diagnosis; physical literacy; PA; physical competence; confidence; motivation; knowledge and understanding. All studies that examined the individual components of physical literacy of children aged 6–12 with behavioural and emotional disorders (F90-97, ICD-10), or depression were included.

Results
26,940 articles were identified. Following title, abstract and full text review, 68 articles were included. Physical competence was addressed in 62 articles, indicating children with MHDs display poor motor proficiency but comparable body composition to children without MHDs. Twelve articles focused on daily PA behaviour, with lower PA levels evident in children with MHDs. Limited evidence indicated motivation and confidence (n = 2 articles), and knowledge and understanding (n = 1 article), are lower in children with MHDs. The majority of studies (n = 52) were conducted on children with ADHD.

Conclusion
Broadly, children with MHDs have lower physical literacy than children without MHDs so may require greater levels of support and tailored evidence based-interventions to become physically literate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-131
JournalMental Health and Physical Activity
Volume15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Fingerprint

Mental Disorders
Mental Health
Exercise
Mental Competency
Motivation
Literacy
Child Behavior
International Classification of Diseases
Body Composition
Publications
Databases
Depression
Psychology
Health

Cite this

@article{de9894309ecb40a6a95b514b2d5e1e92,
title = "The physical literacy of children with behavioural and emotional mental health disorders: A scoping review",
abstract = "IntroductionMental Health Disorders (MHDs) affect 20{\%} of children and youth. To improve long-term physiological and psychological health outcomes for children with MHDs, regular physical activity (PA) participation is essential. Physical literacy, comprising physical competence, PA-related knowledge and understanding, and perceptions of motivation and confidence, may aid understanding of the PA behaviours of children with MHDs. The purpose of this scoping review was to establish the physical literacy levels of children with MHDs.MethodScoping Review. Database searches of Medline, Scopus, Embase, PsycINFO and Sportdiscus were conducted for publications from 1985 to 2018. Broad search terms included: diagnosis; physical literacy; PA; physical competence; confidence; motivation; knowledge and understanding. All studies that examined the individual components of physical literacy of children aged 6–12 with behavioural and emotional disorders (F90-97, ICD-10), or depression were included.Results26,940 articles were identified. Following title, abstract and full text review, 68 articles were included. Physical competence was addressed in 62 articles, indicating children with MHDs display poor motor proficiency but comparable body composition to children without MHDs. Twelve articles focused on daily PA behaviour, with lower PA levels evident in children with MHDs. Limited evidence indicated motivation and confidence (n = 2 articles), and knowledge and understanding (n = 1 article), are lower in children with MHDs. The majority of studies (n = 52) were conducted on children with ADHD.ConclusionBroadly, children with MHDs have lower physical literacy than children without MHDs so may require greater levels of support and tailored evidence based-interventions to become physically literate.",
keywords = "ADHD, ANXIETY, DEPRESSION, Physical Activity, Motor ability in children, Body Composition",
author = "Kathryn Fortnum and Bonnie Furzer and Siobhan Reid and Ben Jackson and Catherine Elliott",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1016/j.mhpa.2018.10.001",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
pages = "95--131",
journal = "Mental Health and Physical Activity",
issn = "1755-2966",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The physical literacy of children with behavioural and emotional mental health disorders

T2 - A scoping review

AU - Fortnum, Kathryn

AU - Furzer, Bonnie

AU - Reid, Siobhan

AU - Jackson, Ben

AU - Elliott, Catherine

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - IntroductionMental Health Disorders (MHDs) affect 20% of children and youth. To improve long-term physiological and psychological health outcomes for children with MHDs, regular physical activity (PA) participation is essential. Physical literacy, comprising physical competence, PA-related knowledge and understanding, and perceptions of motivation and confidence, may aid understanding of the PA behaviours of children with MHDs. The purpose of this scoping review was to establish the physical literacy levels of children with MHDs.MethodScoping Review. Database searches of Medline, Scopus, Embase, PsycINFO and Sportdiscus were conducted for publications from 1985 to 2018. Broad search terms included: diagnosis; physical literacy; PA; physical competence; confidence; motivation; knowledge and understanding. All studies that examined the individual components of physical literacy of children aged 6–12 with behavioural and emotional disorders (F90-97, ICD-10), or depression were included.Results26,940 articles were identified. Following title, abstract and full text review, 68 articles were included. Physical competence was addressed in 62 articles, indicating children with MHDs display poor motor proficiency but comparable body composition to children without MHDs. Twelve articles focused on daily PA behaviour, with lower PA levels evident in children with MHDs. Limited evidence indicated motivation and confidence (n = 2 articles), and knowledge and understanding (n = 1 article), are lower in children with MHDs. The majority of studies (n = 52) were conducted on children with ADHD.ConclusionBroadly, children with MHDs have lower physical literacy than children without MHDs so may require greater levels of support and tailored evidence based-interventions to become physically literate.

AB - IntroductionMental Health Disorders (MHDs) affect 20% of children and youth. To improve long-term physiological and psychological health outcomes for children with MHDs, regular physical activity (PA) participation is essential. Physical literacy, comprising physical competence, PA-related knowledge and understanding, and perceptions of motivation and confidence, may aid understanding of the PA behaviours of children with MHDs. The purpose of this scoping review was to establish the physical literacy levels of children with MHDs.MethodScoping Review. Database searches of Medline, Scopus, Embase, PsycINFO and Sportdiscus were conducted for publications from 1985 to 2018. Broad search terms included: diagnosis; physical literacy; PA; physical competence; confidence; motivation; knowledge and understanding. All studies that examined the individual components of physical literacy of children aged 6–12 with behavioural and emotional disorders (F90-97, ICD-10), or depression were included.Results26,940 articles were identified. Following title, abstract and full text review, 68 articles were included. Physical competence was addressed in 62 articles, indicating children with MHDs display poor motor proficiency but comparable body composition to children without MHDs. Twelve articles focused on daily PA behaviour, with lower PA levels evident in children with MHDs. Limited evidence indicated motivation and confidence (n = 2 articles), and knowledge and understanding (n = 1 article), are lower in children with MHDs. The majority of studies (n = 52) were conducted on children with ADHD.ConclusionBroadly, children with MHDs have lower physical literacy than children without MHDs so may require greater levels of support and tailored evidence based-interventions to become physically literate.

KW - ADHD

KW - ANXIETY

KW - DEPRESSION

KW - Physical Activity

KW - Motor ability in children

KW - Body Composition

U2 - 10.1016/j.mhpa.2018.10.001

DO - 10.1016/j.mhpa.2018.10.001

M3 - Review article

VL - 15

SP - 95

EP - 131

JO - Mental Health and Physical Activity

JF - Mental Health and Physical Activity

SN - 1755-2966

ER -