The NINJA-2 project: Detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations

J. Aasi, B.P. Abbott, R.S. Abbott, T.D. Abbott, M.R. Abernathy, T. Accadia, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C.A. Adams, T.S. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, C. Affeldt, M. Agathos, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, A. Ain, P.M. Ajith, A. Alemic, B.W. Allen & 868 others A. Allocca, D. Amariutei, M.B. Andersen, R.A. Anderson, S.B. Anderson, W.G. Anderson, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, C. Arceneaux, J.S. Areeda, S.M. Aston, P. Astone, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, L. Austin, B.E. Aylott, S.V. Babak, P.T. Baker, G. Ballardin, S.W. Ballmer, J.C.B. Barayoga, M. Barbet, B.C. Barish, D. Barker, F.R. Barone, B.W. Barr, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, M.A. Barton, I. Bartos, R. Bassiri, A. Basti, J.C. Batch, J. Bauchrowitz, T.S. Bauer, B. Behnke, M. Bejger, M.G. Beker, C. Belczynski, A.S. Bell, C.J. Bell, G. Bergmann, D. Bersanetti, A. Bertolini, J.C. Betzwieser, P.T. Beyersdorf, I.A. Bilenko, G.L. Billingsley, J. Birch, S. Biscans, M. Bitossi, M.A. Bizouard, E.D. Black, J.K. Blackburn, L. Blackburn, David Blair, S. Bloemen, M.R. Blom, O. Bock, T.P. Bodiya, M. Boer, G. Bogaert, C. Bogan, C. Bond, F. Bondu, L. Bonelli, R. Bonnand, R. Bork, M. Born, V. Boschi, S. Bose, L.B. Bosi, C. Bradaschia, P.R. Brady, V.B. Braginsky, M. Branchesi, J.E. Brau, T. Briant, D.O. Bridges, A. Brillet, M. Brinkmann, V. Brisson, A.F. Brooks, D.A. Brown, D.D.E. Brown, F. Brückner, S. Buchman, T. Bulik, H.J. Bülten, A. Buonanno, Ron Burman, D. Buskulic, C. Buy, L. Cadonati, G. Cagnoli, J.C. Bustillo, E. Calloni, J.B. Camp, P. Campsie, K.C. Cannon, B. Canuel, J. Cao, C.D. Capano, F. Carbognani, L. Carbone, S. Caride, A.D. Castiglia, S.E. Caudill, M. Cavaglià, F. Cavalier, R. Cavalieri, C. Celerier, G.C. Cella, C. Cepeda, E. Cesarini, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, S.J. Chamberlin, S. Chao, P.R. Charlton, E. Chassande-Mottin, X. Chen, Y. Chen, A. Chincarini, A. Chiummo, H. Cho, J.H. Chow, N.L. Christensen, Q. Chu, S. Chua, S. Chung, G.S. Ciani, F.M. Clara, J.A. Clark, F. Cleva, E. Coccia, P.F. Cohadon, A. Colla, C. Collette, M. Colombini, L.R. Cominsky, M. Constancio, A. Conte, D. Cook, T.R.C. Corbitt, M. Cordier, N.J. Cornish, A. Corpuz, A. Corsi, C.A. Costa, M.W. Coughlin, S. Coughlin, J.P. Coulon, S. Countryman, P. Couvares, David Coward, M.J. Cowart, D.C. Coyne, R. Coyne, K.K. Craig, J.D.E. Creighton, S.G. Crowder, A.V. Cumming, L. Cunningham, E. Cuoco, K. Dahl, T.D. Canton, M. Damjanic, Stefan Danilishin, S. D'Antonio, K.V. Danzmann, V. Dattilo, H.P. Daveloza, M. Davier, G.S. Davies, E.J. Daw, R. Day, T. Dayanga, G. Debreczeni, J. Degallaix, S. Deléglise, W.D. Del Pozzo, T. Denker, T. Dent, H. Dereli, V.A. Dergachev, R.D. De Rosa, R.T. Derosa, R. Desalvo, S.V. Dhurandhar, M.C. Díaz, L.D. Fiore, A.D. Lieto, I.D. Palma, A.D. Virgilio, A. Donath, F. Donovan, K.L. Dooley, S. Doravari, S. Dossa, R. Douglas, T.P. Downes, M. Drago, R.W.P. Drever, J.C. Driggers, Z. Du, S. Dwyer, T. Eberle, T.B. Edo, M.F. Edwards, A. Effler, H.B. Eggenstein, P. Ehrens, J. Eichholz, S.S. Eikenberry, G. Endröczi, R. Essick, T. Etzel, M. Evans, T. Evans, M. Factourovich, V. Fafone, S. Fairhurst, Q. Fang, S. Farinon, B.F. Farr, W.M. Farr, M. Favata, H. Fehrmann, M.M. Fejer, D. Feldbaum, F. Feroz, I. Ferrante, F. Ferrini, F. Fidecaro, L.S. Finn, I. Fiori, R.P. Fisher, R.R. Flaminio, J.D. Fournier, S. Franco, S. Frasca, F. Frasconi, M. Frede, Z. Frei, A. Freise, R.E. Frey, T.T. Fricke, P.K. Fritschel, V.V. Frolov, P.J. Fulda, M. Fyffe, J.R. Gair, L. Gammaitoni, S. Gaonkar, F.S. Garufi, N.A. Gehrels, G. Gemme, E. Genin, A. Gennai, S. Ghosh, J.A. Giaime, K.D. Giardina, A. Giazotto, C. Gill, J. Gleason, E. Goetz, R. Goetz, L. Gondán, G.I. González, N. Gordon, M.L. Gorodetsky, S. Gossan, S. Goßler, R. Gouaty, C.P. Gräf, P.B. Graff, M. Granata, A.I. Grant, S. Gras, C. Gray, R.J.S. Greenhalgh, A.M. Gretarsson, P.J. Groot, H. Grote, K.D. Grover, S. Grünewald, G.M. Guidi, C.J. Guido, K.E. Gushwa, E.K. Gustafson, R. Gustafson, D. Hammer, G.D. Hammond, M. Hanke, J.A. Hanks, C. Hanna, J. Hanson, J. Harms, G.M. Harry, I.W. Harry, E.D. Harstad, M.V. Hart, M. Hartman, C.J. Haster, K. Haughian, A. Heidmann, M.C. Heintze, H. Heitmann, P. Hello, G. Hemming, M.A. Hendry, I. Heng, A.W. Heptonstall, M. Heurs, M.R. Hewitson, S. Hild, D. Hoak, K.A. Hodge, K. Holt, S. Hooper, P. Hopkins, D.J. Hosken, J.H. Hough, Eric Howell, Y. Hu, B.J. Hughey, S. Husa, S.H. Huttner, M. Huynh, T. Huynh-Dinh, D.R. Ingram, R. Inta, T. Isogai, A. Ivanov, B.R. Iyer, K. Izumi, M.R. Jacobson, E. James, H. Jang, P. Jaranowski, Y. Ji, F. Jiménez-Forteza, W.W. Johnson, D.I. Jones, R.A. Jones, R.J.G. Jonker, Li Ju, K.H. Haris, P.I.P. Kalmus, V. Kalogera, S. Kandhasamy, G. Kang, J.B. Kanner, J. Karlen, M. Kasprzack, E. Katsavounidis, W. Katzman, H. Kaufer, K. Kawabe, F. Kawazoe, F. Kéfélian, G.M. Keiser, D. Keitel, D.B. Kelley, W.P. Kells, A. Khalaidovski, F.Y.A. Khalili, E.A. Khazanov, C. Kim, K. Kim, N. Kim, N.G. Kim, Y. Kim, E.J. King, P. King, D.L. Kinzel, J.S. Kissel, S. Klimenko, J.L. Kline, S. Koehlenbeck, K. Kokeyama, V.N. Kondrashov, S. Koranda, W.Z. Korth, I.M. Kowalska, D.B. Kozak, A. Kremin, V. Kringel, B. Krishnan, A. Królak, G. Kuehn, A.V. Kumar, P. Kumar, R. Kumar, L. Kuo, A. Kutynia, P. Kwee, M.R. Landry, B.T. Lantz, S.R. Larson, P.D. Lasky, C. Lawrie, A. Lazzarini, C. Lazzaro, P. Leaci, S. Leavey, E.O. Lebigot, C.H. Lee, H.K. Lee, H. Lee, J. Lee, M. Leonardi, J.R. Leong, A. Le Roux, N. Leroy, N. Letendre, Y.I. Levin, B.M. Levine, J.B. Lewis, T.G.F. Li, K.G. Libbrecht, A. Libson, A. Lin, T.B. Littenberg, V. Litvine, N.A. Lockerbie, V. Lockett, D. Lodhia, K. Loew, J. Logue, A.L. Lombardi, M. Lorenzini, V. Loriette, M. Lormand, G. Losurdo, J. Lough, M.J. Lubinski, H.O. Lück, E. Luijten, A.P. Lundgren, R.S. Lynch, Y. Ma, J.L. Macarthur, E.P. Macdonald, T.R. Macdonald, B. Machenschalk, M. Macinnis, D.M. Macleod, F. Magaña-Sandoval, M. Mageswaran, C. Maglione, K. Mailand, E. Majorana, I. Maksimovic, V. Malvezzi, N.C. Man, G.M. Manca, I. Mandel, V. Mandic, V.D. Mangano, N.M. Mangini, M. Mantovani, F. Marchesoni, F. Marion, S. Márka, Z. Márka, A.S. Markosyan, E. Maros, J.P. Marque, F. Martelli, I.W. Martin, R.M. Martin, L. Martinelli, D. Martynov, J.N. Marx, K. Mason, A. Masserot, T.J. Massinger, F. Matichard, L. Matone, R.A. Matzner, N. Mavalvala, N. Mazumder, G. Mazzolo, R.L. Mccarthy, D.E. Mcclelland, S.C. Mcguire, G.T. Mcintyre, J. Mciver, K.M. Mclin, D. Meacher, G.D. Meadors, M. Mehmet, J. Meidam, M. Meinders, A. Melatos, G. Mendell, R.A. Mercer, S. Meshkov, C.J. Messenger, P.D. Meyers, H. Miao, C. Michel, E.E. Mikhailov, L. Milano, S. Milde, J.M.C.L. Miller, Y.F. Minenkov, C.M.F. Mingarelli, C.S. Mishra, S. Mitra, V.P. Mitrofanov, G.V. Mitselmakher, R. Mittleman, B. Moe, P. Moesta, M.N. Mohan, S.R.P. Mohapatra, D. Moraru, G.A. Moreno, N. Morgado, S.R. Morriss, K. Mossavi, B. Mours, C.M. Mow-Lowry, C.L. Mueller, G. Mueller, S. Mukherjee, A.J. Mullavey, J. Munch, D.C. Murphy, P.G. Murray, A. Mytidis, M.F. Nagy, D.N. Kumar, I. Nardecchia, L. Naticchioni, R.K. Nayak, V. Necula, G.A. Nelemans, I. Neri, M. Neri, G.P. Newton, T.T.H. Nguyen, A.H. Nitz, F. Nocera, D. Nolting, M.E.N. Normandin, L.K. Nuttall, E. Ochsner, J. O'Dell, E. Oelker, J.J. Oh, S.H. Oh, F. Ohme, P. Oppermann, B.M. O'Reilly, R. O'Shaughnessy, C. Osthelder, D.J. Ottaway, R.S. Ottens, H. Overmier, B.J. Owen, C. Padilla, A. Pai, O.V. Palashov, C. Palomba, H. Pan, Y. Pan, C. Pankow, F. Paoletti, R. Paoletti, M.A. Papa, H. Paris, A. Pasqualetti, R. Passaquieti, D. Passuello, M. Pedraza, S.D. Penn, A. Perreca, M.H. Phelps, M. Pichot, M. Pickenpack, F. Piergiovanni, V. Pierro, L. Pinard, I.M. Pinto, M. Pitkin, J. Poeld, R. Poggiani, A.K. Poteomkin, J.W. Powell, J. Prasad, S. Premachandra, T. Prestegard, L.R. Price, M. Prijatelj, S. Privitera, G.A. Prodi, L.G. Prokhorov, O. Puncken, M. Punturo, P. Puppo, J. Qin, V. Quetschke, E. Quintero, G. Quiroga, R. Quitzow-James, F.J. Raab, D.S. Rabeling, I. Rácz, H. Radkins, P. Raffai, S.S. Raja, G.I. Rajalakshmi, M. Rakhmanov, C.R. Ramet, K. Ramirez, P. Rapagnani, V. Raymond, V. Re, J.S. Read, C.M. Reed, T. Régimbau, S.W.J. Reid, D.H. Reitze, E. Rhoades, F.P. Ricci, K. Riles, N.A. Robertson, F. Robinet, A. Rocchi, M. Rodruck, L. Rolland, J.G. Rollins, R. Romano, G.V. Romanov, J.H. Romie, D. Rosińska, S. Rowan, A. Rüdiger, P. Ruggi, K. Ryan, F. Salemi, L. Sammut, V.D. Sandberg, J.R. Sanders, V. Sannibale, I. Santiago-Prieto, E. Saracco, B. Sassolas, B.S. Sathyaprakash, P.R. Saulson, R.L. Savage, J.T. Scheuer, R. Schilling, R. Schnabel, R.M.S. Schofield., E. Schreiber, D.R. Schuette, B.F. Schütz, J.E. Scott, S.M. Scott, D. Sellers, A.S. Sengupta, D. Sentenac, V. Sequino, A.M. Sergeev, D.A. Shaddock, S. Shah, M.S. Shahriar, M. Shaltev, B.N. Shapiro, P.S. Shawhan, D.H. Shoemaker, T.L. Sidery, K. Siellez, X.A. Siemens, D.C. Sigg, D.A. Simakov, A. Singer, L.P. Singer, R. Singh, A.M. Sintes, B.J.J. Slagmolen, J. Slutsky, J.R. Smith, M.R. Smith, R.J.E. Smith, N.D. Smith-Lefebvre, E.J. Son, B. Sorazu, T. Souradeep, L. Sperandio, A.N. Staley, J.F. Stebbins, J. Steinlechner, S. Steinlechner, B.C. Stephens, S. Steplewski, S. Stevenson, R.L. Stone, D. Stops, K.A. Strain, N. Straniero, S.E. Strigin, R. Sturani, A.L. Stuver, T.Z. Summerscales, S. Susmithan, P.J. Sutton, B.L. Swinkels, M. Tacca, D. Talukder, D.B. Tanner, S.P. Tarabrin, R.P. Taylor, A.P.M.T. Braack, M.P. Thirugnanasambandam, M. Thomas, P.J.W. Thomas, K.A. Thorne, K.S. Thorne, E.H. Thrane, V. Tiwari, K.V. Tokmakov, C. Tomlinson, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, O. Torre, C.V. Torres, C.I. Torrie, F. Travasso, G. Traylor, M. Tse, D.W. Ugolini, C.S. Unnikrishnan, A.L. Urban, K.E. Urbanek, H. Vahlbruch, G. Vajente, G. Valdes, M. Vallisneri, J.F.J. Van Den Brand, C.V.D. Van Den Broeck, S.V.D. Van Der Putten, M.V. Van Der Sluys, J. Van Heijningen, A.A. Van Veggel, S. Vass, M. Vasúth, R. Vaulin, A. Vecchio, G. Vedovato, J.D. Veitch, P.J. Veitch, K.Y. Venkateswara, D. Verkindt, S.S. Verma, F. Vetrano, A. Viceré, R.E. Vincent-Finley, J.Y. Vinet, S. Vitale, T. Vo, H. Vocca, C. Vorvick, W.D. Vousden, S.P. Vyachanin, A.R. Wade, L. Wade, M. Wade, M. Walker, L. Wallace, M. Wang, X. Wang, R.L. Ward, M. Wa̧s, B. Weaver, L.W. Wei, M.S. Weinert, A.J.R. Weinstein, R. Weiss, T. Welborn, Linqing Wen, P. Weßels, M.A. West, T. Westphal, K.W. Wette, J.T. Whelan, Stanley Whitcomb, D.J. White, B.F. Whiting, K. Wiesner, C. Wilkinson, K. Williams, L.F. Williams, R.R. Williams, T.D. Williams, A.R. Williamson, J.L. Willis, B. Willke, M.H. Wimmer, W. Winkler, C.C. Wipf, A.G. Wiseman, H. Wittel, G. Woan, J.B. Worden, J. Yablon, I.V. Yakushin, H. Yamamoto, C.C. Yancey, H. Yang, Z. Yang, S. Yoshida, M. Yvert, A. Zadroźny, M. Zanolin, J.P. Zendri, F. Zhang, L. Zhang, Chunnong Zhao, X. Zhu, M.E. Zucker, S. Zuraw, J.G. Zweizig, M.P. Boyle, B. Brügmann, L.T. Buchman, M. Campanelli, T. Chu, Z.B. Etienne, M.D. Hannam, J. Healy, I. Hinder, L.E. Kidder, P. Laguna, Y.T. Liu, L. London, C.O. Loustó, G. Lovelace, I. Macdonald, P. Marronetti, P. Mösta, D. Müller, B.C. Mundim, H. Nakano, V. Paschalidis, L. Pekowsky, D. Pollney, H.P. Pfeiffer, M. Ponce, M. Pürrer, G. Reifenberger, C. Reisswig, L. Santamaría, M.A. Scheel, S.L. Shapiro, D.M. Shoemaker, C.F. Sopuerta, U. Sperhake, B. Szilágyi, N.W. Taylor, W. Tichy, P.O. Tsatsin, Y. Zlochower

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    35 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15% for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)115004
    Number of pages45
    JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
    Volume31
    Issue number11
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2014

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    LIGO (observatory)
    waveforms
    injection
    angular momentum
    gravitational waves
    simulation
    sensitivity
    coalescing
    curves
    false alarms
    mass ratios
    sky
    relativity
    observatories
    astrophysics
    orbits
    estimates
    predictions

    Cite this

    Aasi, J. ; Abbott, B.P. ; Abbott, R.S. ; Abbott, T.D. ; Abernathy, M.R. ; Accadia, T. ; Acernese, F. ; Ackley, K. ; Adams, C.A. ; Adams, T.S. ; Addesso, P. ; Adhikari, R.X. ; Affeldt, C. ; Agathos, M. ; Aggarwal, N. ; Aguiar, O.D. ; Ain, A. ; Ajith, P.M. ; Alemic, A. ; Allen, B.W. ; Allocca, A. ; Amariutei, D. ; Andersen, M.B. ; Anderson, R.A. ; Anderson, S.B. ; Anderson, W.G. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M.C. ; Arceneaux, C. ; Areeda, J.S. ; Aston, S.M. ; Astone, P. ; Aufmuth, P. ; Aulbert, C. ; Austin, L. ; Aylott, B.E. ; Babak, S.V. ; Baker, P.T. ; Ballardin, G. ; Ballmer, S.W. ; Barayoga, J.C.B. ; Barbet, M. ; Barish, B.C. ; Barker, D. ; Barone, F.R. ; Barr, B.W. ; Barsotti, L. ; Barsuglia, M. ; Barton, M.A. ; Bartos, I. ; Bassiri, R. ; Basti, A. ; Batch, J.C. ; Bauchrowitz, J. ; Bauer, T.S. ; Behnke, B. ; Bejger, M. ; Beker, M.G. ; Belczynski, C. ; Bell, A.S. ; Bell, C.J. ; Bergmann, G. ; Bersanetti, D. ; Bertolini, A. ; Betzwieser, J.C. ; Beyersdorf, P.T. ; Bilenko, I.A. ; Billingsley, G.L. ; Birch, J. ; Biscans, S. ; Bitossi, M. ; Bizouard, M.A. ; Black, E.D. ; Blackburn, J.K. ; Blackburn, L. ; Blair, David ; Bloemen, S. ; Blom, M.R. ; Bock, O. ; Bodiya, T.P. ; Boer, M. ; Bogaert, G. ; Bogan, C. ; Bond, C. ; Bondu, F. ; Bonelli, L. ; Bonnand, R. ; Bork, R. ; Born, M. ; Boschi, V. ; Bose, S. ; Bosi, L.B. ; Bradaschia, C. ; Brady, P.R. ; Braginsky, V.B. ; Branchesi, M. ; Brau, J.E. ; Briant, T. ; Bridges, D.O. ; Brillet, A. ; Brinkmann, M. ; Brisson, V. ; Brooks, A.F. ; Brown, D.A. ; Brown, D.D.E. ; Brückner, F. ; Buchman, S. ; Bulik, T. ; Bülten, H.J. ; Buonanno, A. ; Burman, Ron ; Buskulic, D. ; Buy, C. ; Cadonati, L. ; Cagnoli, G. ; Bustillo, J.C. ; Calloni, E. ; Camp, J.B. ; Campsie, P. ; Cannon, K.C. ; Canuel, B. ; Cao, J. ; Capano, C.D. ; Carbognani, F. ; Carbone, L. ; Caride, S. ; Castiglia, A.D. ; Caudill, S.E. ; Cavaglià, M. ; Cavalier, F. ; Cavalieri, R. ; Celerier, C. ; Cella, G.C. ; Cepeda, C. ; Cesarini, E. ; Chakraborty, R. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Chamberlin, S.J. ; Chao, S. ; Charlton, P.R. ; Chassande-Mottin, E. ; Chen, X. ; Chen, Y. ; Chincarini, A. ; Chiummo, A. ; Cho, H. ; Chow, J.H. ; Christensen, N.L. ; Chu, Q. ; Chua, S. ; Chung, S. ; Ciani, G.S. ; Clara, F.M. ; Clark, J.A. ; Cleva, F. ; Coccia, E. ; Cohadon, P.F. ; Colla, A. ; Collette, C. ; Colombini, M. ; Cominsky, L.R. ; Constancio, M. ; Conte, A. ; Cook, D. ; Corbitt, T.R.C. ; Cordier, M. ; Cornish, N.J. ; Corpuz, A. ; Corsi, A. ; Costa, C.A. ; Coughlin, M.W. ; Coughlin, S. ; Coulon, J.P. ; Countryman, S. ; Couvares, P. ; Coward, David ; Cowart, M.J. ; Coyne, D.C. ; Coyne, R. ; Craig, K.K. ; Creighton, J.D.E. ; Crowder, S.G. ; Cumming, A.V. ; Cunningham, L. ; Cuoco, E. ; Dahl, K. ; Canton, T.D. ; Damjanic, M. ; Danilishin, Stefan ; D'Antonio, S. ; Danzmann, K.V. ; Dattilo, V. ; Daveloza, H.P. ; Davier, M. ; Davies, G.S. ; Daw, E.J. ; Day, R. ; Dayanga, T. ; Debreczeni, G. ; Degallaix, J. ; Deléglise, S. ; Del Pozzo, W.D. ; Denker, T. ; Dent, T. ; Dereli, H. ; Dergachev, V.A. ; De Rosa, R.D. ; 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In: Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2014 ; Vol. 31, No. 11. pp. 115004.
    @article{efa4e098c8054f07988294d8d35703cc,
    title = "The NINJA-2 project: Detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations",
    abstract = "The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15{\%} for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. {\circledC} 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.",
    author = "J. Aasi and B.P. Abbott and R.S. Abbott and T.D. Abbott and M.R. Abernathy and T. Accadia and F. Acernese and K. Ackley and C.A. Adams and T.S. Adams and P. Addesso and R.X. Adhikari and C. Affeldt and M. Agathos and N. Aggarwal and O.D. Aguiar and A. Ain and P.M. Ajith and A. Alemic and B.W. Allen and A. Allocca and D. Amariutei and M.B. Andersen and R.A. Anderson and S.B. Anderson and W.G. Anderson and K. Arai and M.C. Araya and C. Arceneaux and J.S. Areeda and S.M. Aston and P. Astone and P. Aufmuth and C. Aulbert and L. Austin and B.E. Aylott and S.V. Babak and P.T. Baker and G. Ballardin and S.W. Ballmer and J.C.B. Barayoga and M. Barbet and B.C. Barish and D. Barker and F.R. Barone and B.W. Barr and L. Barsotti and M. Barsuglia and M.A. Barton and I. Bartos and R. Bassiri and A. Basti and J.C. Batch and J. Bauchrowitz and T.S. Bauer and B. Behnke and M. Bejger and M.G. Beker and C. Belczynski and A.S. Bell and C.J. Bell and G. Bergmann and D. Bersanetti and A. Bertolini and J.C. Betzwieser and P.T. Beyersdorf and I.A. Bilenko and G.L. Billingsley and J. Birch and S. Biscans and M. Bitossi and M.A. Bizouard and E.D. Black and J.K. Blackburn and L. Blackburn and David Blair and S. Bloemen and M.R. Blom and O. Bock and T.P. Bodiya and M. Boer and G. Bogaert and C. Bogan and C. Bond and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and R. Bonnand and R. Bork and M. Born and V. Boschi and S. Bose and L.B. Bosi and C. Bradaschia and P.R. Brady and V.B. Braginsky and M. Branchesi and J.E. Brau and T. Briant and D.O. Bridges and A. Brillet and M. Brinkmann and V. Brisson and A.F. Brooks and D.A. Brown and D.D.E. Brown and F. Br{\"u}ckner and S. Buchman and T. Bulik and H.J. B{\"u}lten and A. Buonanno and Ron Burman and D. Buskulic and C. Buy and L. Cadonati and G. Cagnoli and J.C. Bustillo and E. Calloni and J.B. Camp and P. Campsie and K.C. Cannon and B. Canuel and J. Cao and C.D. Capano and F. Carbognani and L. Carbone and S. Caride and A.D. Castiglia and S.E. Caudill and M. Cavagli{\`a} and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and C. Celerier and G.C. Cella and C. Cepeda and E. Cesarini and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and S.J. Chamberlin and S. Chao and P.R. Charlton and E. Chassande-Mottin and X. Chen and Y. Chen and A. Chincarini and A. Chiummo and H. Cho and J.H. Chow and N.L. Christensen and Q. Chu and S. Chua and S. Chung and G.S. Ciani and F.M. Clara and J.A. Clark and F. Cleva and E. Coccia and P.F. Cohadon and A. Colla and C. Collette and M. Colombini and L.R. Cominsky and M. Constancio and A. Conte and D. Cook and T.R.C. Corbitt and M. Cordier and N.J. Cornish and A. Corpuz and A. Corsi and C.A. Costa and M.W. Coughlin and S. Coughlin and J.P. Coulon and S. Countryman and P. Couvares and David Coward and M.J. Cowart and D.C. Coyne and R. Coyne and K.K. Craig and J.D.E. Creighton and S.G. Crowder and A.V. Cumming and L. Cunningham and E. Cuoco and K. Dahl and T.D. Canton and M. Damjanic and Stefan Danilishin and S. D'Antonio and K.V. Danzmann and V. Dattilo and H.P. Daveloza and M. Davier and G.S. Davies and E.J. Daw and R. Day and T. Dayanga and G. Debreczeni and J. Degallaix and S. Del{\'e}glise and {Del Pozzo}, W.D. and T. Denker and T. Dent and H. Dereli and V.A. Dergachev and {De Rosa}, R.D. and R.T. Derosa and R. Desalvo and S.V. Dhurandhar and M.C. D{\'i}az and L.D. Fiore and A.D. Lieto and I.D. Palma and A.D. Virgilio and A. Donath and F. Donovan and K.L. Dooley and S. Doravari and S. Dossa and R. Douglas and T.P. Downes and M. Drago and R.W.P. Drever and J.C. Driggers and Z. Du and S. Dwyer and T. Eberle and T.B. Edo and M.F. Edwards and A. Effler and H.B. Eggenstein and P. Ehrens and J. Eichholz and S.S. Eikenberry and G. Endr{\"o}czi and R. Essick and T. Etzel and M. Evans and T. Evans and M. Factourovich and V. Fafone and S. Fairhurst and Q. Fang and S. Farinon and B.F. Farr and W.M. Farr and M. Favata and H. Fehrmann and M.M. Fejer and D. Feldbaum and F. Feroz and I. Ferrante and F. Ferrini and F. Fidecaro and L.S. Finn and I. Fiori and R.P. Fisher and R.R. Flaminio and J.D. Fournier and S. Franco and S. Frasca and F. Frasconi and M. Frede and Z. Frei and A. Freise and R.E. Frey and T.T. Fricke and P.K. Fritschel and V.V. Frolov and P.J. Fulda and M. Fyffe and J.R. Gair and L. Gammaitoni and S. Gaonkar and F.S. Garufi and N.A. Gehrels and G. Gemme and E. Genin and A. Gennai and S. Ghosh and J.A. Giaime and K.D. Giardina and A. Giazotto and C. Gill and J. Gleason and E. Goetz and R. Goetz and L. Gond{\'a}n and G.I. Gonz{\'a}lez and N. Gordon and M.L. Gorodetsky and S. Gossan and S. Go{\ss}ler and R. Gouaty and C.P. Gr{\"a}f and P.B. Graff and M. Granata and A.I. Grant and S. Gras and C. Gray and R.J.S. Greenhalgh and A.M. Gretarsson and P.J. Groot and H. Grote and K.D. Grover and S. Gr{\"u}newald and G.M. Guidi and C.J. Guido and K.E. Gushwa and E.K. Gustafson and R. Gustafson and D. Hammer and G.D. Hammond and M. Hanke and J.A. Hanks and C. Hanna and J. Hanson and J. Harms and G.M. Harry and I.W. Harry and E.D. Harstad and M.V. Hart and M. Hartman and C.J. Haster and K. Haughian and A. Heidmann and M.C. Heintze and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and G. Hemming and M.A. Hendry and I. Heng and A.W. Heptonstall and M. Heurs and M.R. Hewitson and S. Hild and D. Hoak and K.A. Hodge and K. Holt and S. Hooper and P. Hopkins and D.J. Hosken and J.H. Hough and Eric Howell and Y. Hu and B.J. Hughey and S. Husa and S.H. Huttner and M. Huynh and T. Huynh-Dinh and D.R. Ingram and R. Inta and T. Isogai and A. Ivanov and B.R. Iyer and K. Izumi and M.R. Jacobson and E. James and H. Jang and P. Jaranowski and Y. Ji and F. Jim{\'e}nez-Forteza and W.W. Johnson and D.I. Jones and R.A. Jones and R.J.G. Jonker and Li Ju and K.H. Haris and P.I.P. Kalmus and V. Kalogera and S. Kandhasamy and G. Kang and J.B. Kanner and J. Karlen and M. Kasprzack and E. Katsavounidis and W. Katzman and H. Kaufer and K. Kawabe and F. Kawazoe and F. K{\'e}f{\'e}lian and G.M. Keiser and D. Keitel and D.B. Kelley and W.P. Kells and A. Khalaidovski and F.Y.A. Khalili and E.A. Khazanov and C. Kim and K. Kim and N. Kim and N.G. Kim and Y. Kim and E.J. King and P. King and D.L. Kinzel and J.S. Kissel and S. Klimenko and J.L. Kline and S. Koehlenbeck and K. Kokeyama and V.N. Kondrashov and S. Koranda and W.Z. Korth and I.M. Kowalska and D.B. Kozak and A. Kremin and V. Kringel and B. Krishnan and A. Kr{\'o}lak and G. Kuehn and A.V. Kumar and P. Kumar and R. Kumar and L. Kuo and A. Kutynia and P. Kwee and M.R. Landry and B.T. Lantz and S.R. Larson and P.D. Lasky and C. Lawrie and A. Lazzarini and C. Lazzaro and P. Leaci and S. Leavey and E.O. Lebigot and C.H. Lee and H.K. Lee and H. Lee and J. Lee and M. Leonardi and J.R. Leong and {Le Roux}, A. and N. Leroy and N. Letendre and Y.I. Levin and B.M. Levine and J.B. Lewis and T.G.F. Li and K.G. Libbrecht and A. Libson and A. Lin and T.B. Littenberg and V. Litvine and N.A. Lockerbie and V. Lockett and D. Lodhia and K. Loew and J. Logue and A.L. Lombardi and M. Lorenzini and V. Loriette and M. Lormand and G. Losurdo and J. Lough and M.J. Lubinski and H.O. L{\"u}ck and E. Luijten and A.P. Lundgren and R.S. Lynch and Y. Ma and J.L. Macarthur and E.P. Macdonald and T.R. Macdonald and B. Machenschalk and M. Macinnis and D.M. Macleod and F. Maga{\~n}a-Sandoval and M. Mageswaran and C. Maglione and K. Mailand and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and V. Malvezzi and N.C. Man and G.M. Manca and I. Mandel and V. Mandic and V.D. Mangano and N.M. Mangini and M. Mantovani and F. Marchesoni and F. Marion and S. M{\'a}rka and Z. M{\'a}rka and A.S. Markosyan and E. Maros and J.P. Marque and F. Martelli and I.W. Martin and R.M. Martin and L. Martinelli and D. Martynov and J.N. Marx and K. Mason and A. Masserot and T.J. Massinger and F. Matichard and L. Matone and R.A. Matzner and N. Mavalvala and N. Mazumder and G. Mazzolo and R.L. Mccarthy and D.E. Mcclelland and S.C. Mcguire and G.T. Mcintyre and J. Mciver and K.M. Mclin and D. Meacher and G.D. Meadors and M. Mehmet and J. Meidam and M. Meinders and A. Melatos and G. Mendell and R.A. Mercer and S. Meshkov and C.J. Messenger and P.D. Meyers and H. Miao and C. Michel and E.E. Mikhailov and L. Milano and S. Milde and J.M.C.L. Miller and Y.F. Minenkov and C.M.F. Mingarelli and C.S. Mishra and S. Mitra and V.P. Mitrofanov and G.V. Mitselmakher and R. Mittleman and B. Moe and P. Moesta and M.N. Mohan and S.R.P. Mohapatra and D. Moraru and G.A. Moreno and N. Morgado and S.R. Morriss and K. Mossavi and B. Mours and C.M. Mow-Lowry and C.L. Mueller and G. Mueller and S. Mukherjee and A.J. Mullavey and J. Munch and D.C. Murphy and P.G. Murray and A. Mytidis and M.F. Nagy and D.N. Kumar and I. Nardecchia and L. Naticchioni and R.K. Nayak and V. Necula and G.A. Nelemans and I. Neri and M. Neri and G.P. Newton and T.T.H. Nguyen and A.H. Nitz and F. Nocera and D. Nolting and M.E.N. Normandin and L.K. Nuttall and E. Ochsner and J. O'Dell and E. Oelker and J.J. Oh and S.H. Oh and F. Ohme and P. Oppermann and B.M. O'Reilly and R. O'Shaughnessy and C. Osthelder and D.J. Ottaway and R.S. Ottens and H. Overmier and B.J. Owen and C. Padilla and A. Pai and O.V. Palashov and C. Palomba and H. Pan and Y. Pan and C. Pankow and F. Paoletti and R. Paoletti and M.A. Papa and H. Paris and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and M. Pedraza and S.D. Penn and A. Perreca and M.H. Phelps and M. Pichot and M. Pickenpack and F. Piergiovanni and V. Pierro and L. Pinard and I.M. Pinto and M. Pitkin and J. Poeld and R. Poggiani and A.K. Poteomkin and J.W. Powell and J. Prasad and S. Premachandra and T. Prestegard and L.R. Price and M. Prijatelj and S. Privitera and G.A. Prodi and L.G. Prokhorov and O. Puncken and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and J. Qin and V. Quetschke and E. Quintero and G. Quiroga and R. Quitzow-James and F.J. Raab and D.S. Rabeling and I. R{\'a}cz and H. Radkins and P. Raffai and S.S. Raja and G.I. Rajalakshmi and M. Rakhmanov and C.R. Ramet and K. Ramirez and P. Rapagnani and V. Raymond and V. Re and J.S. Read and C.M. Reed and T. R{\'e}gimbau and S.W.J. Reid and D.H. Reitze and E. Rhoades and F.P. Ricci and K. Riles and N.A. Robertson and F. Robinet and A. Rocchi and M. Rodruck and L. Rolland and J.G. Rollins and R. Romano and G.V. Romanov and J.H. Romie and D. Rosińska and S. Rowan and A. R{\"u}diger and P. Ruggi and K. Ryan and F. Salemi and L. Sammut and V.D. Sandberg and J.R. Sanders and V. Sannibale and I. Santiago-Prieto and E. Saracco and B. Sassolas and B.S. Sathyaprakash and P.R. Saulson and R.L. Savage and J.T. Scheuer and R. Schilling and R. Schnabel and R.M.S. Schofield. and E. Schreiber and D.R. Schuette and B.F. Sch{\"u}tz and J.E. Scott and S.M. Scott and D. Sellers and A.S. Sengupta and D. Sentenac and V. Sequino and A.M. Sergeev and D.A. Shaddock and S. Shah and M.S. Shahriar and M. Shaltev and B.N. Shapiro and P.S. Shawhan and D.H. Shoemaker and T.L. Sidery and K. Siellez and X.A. Siemens and D.C. Sigg and D.A. Simakov and A. Singer and L.P. Singer and R. Singh and A.M. Sintes and B.J.J. Slagmolen and J. Slutsky and J.R. Smith and M.R. Smith and R.J.E. Smith and N.D. Smith-Lefebvre and E.J. Son and B. Sorazu and T. Souradeep and L. Sperandio and A.N. Staley and J.F. Stebbins and J. Steinlechner and S. Steinlechner and B.C. Stephens and S. Steplewski and S. Stevenson and R.L. Stone and D. Stops and K.A. Strain and N. Straniero and S.E. Strigin and R. Sturani and A.L. Stuver and T.Z. Summerscales and S. Susmithan and P.J. Sutton and B.L. Swinkels and M. Tacca and D. Talukder and D.B. Tanner and S.P. Tarabrin and R.P. Taylor and A.P.M.T. Braack and M.P. Thirugnanasambandam and M. Thomas and P.J.W. Thomas and K.A. Thorne and K.S. Thorne and E.H. Thrane and V. Tiwari and K.V. Tokmakov and C. Tomlinson and A. Toncelli and M. Tonelli and O. Torre and C.V. Torres and C.I. Torrie and F. Travasso and G. Traylor and M. Tse and D.W. Ugolini and C.S. Unnikrishnan and A.L. Urban and K.E. Urbanek and H. Vahlbruch and G. Vajente and G. Valdes and M. Vallisneri and {Van Den Brand}, J.F.J. and {Van Den Broeck}, C.V.D. and {Van Der Putten}, S.V.D. and {Van Der Sluys}, M.V. and {Van Heijningen}, J. and {Van Veggel}, A.A. and S. Vass and M. Vas{\'u}th and R. Vaulin and A. Vecchio and G. Vedovato and J.D. Veitch and P.J. Veitch and K.Y. Venkateswara and D. Verkindt and S.S. Verma and F. Vetrano and A. Vicer{\'e} and R.E. Vincent-Finley and J.Y. Vinet and S. Vitale and T. Vo and H. Vocca and C. Vorvick and W.D. Vousden and S.P. Vyachanin and A.R. Wade and L. Wade and M. Wade and M. Walker and L. Wallace and M. Wang and X. Wang and R.L. Ward and M. Wa̧s and B. Weaver and L.W. Wei and M.S. Weinert and A.J.R. Weinstein and R. Weiss and T. Welborn and Linqing Wen and P. We{\ss}els and M.A. West and T. Westphal and K.W. Wette and J.T. Whelan and Stanley Whitcomb and D.J. White and B.F. Whiting and K. Wiesner and C. Wilkinson and K. Williams and L.F. Williams and R.R. Williams and T.D. Williams and A.R. Williamson and J.L. Willis and B. Willke and M.H. Wimmer and W. Winkler and C.C. Wipf and A.G. Wiseman and H. Wittel and G. Woan and J.B. Worden and J. Yablon and I.V. Yakushin and H. Yamamoto and C.C. Yancey and H. Yang and Z. Yang and S. Yoshida and M. Yvert and A. Zadroźny and M. Zanolin and J.P. Zendri and F. Zhang and L. Zhang and Chunnong Zhao and X. Zhu and M.E. Zucker and S. Zuraw and J.G. Zweizig and M.P. Boyle and B. Br{\"u}gmann and L.T. Buchman and M. Campanelli and T. Chu and Z.B. Etienne and M.D. Hannam and J. Healy and I. Hinder and L.E. Kidder and P. Laguna and Y.T. Liu and L. London and C.O. Loust{\'o} and G. Lovelace and I. Macdonald and P. Marronetti and P. M{\"o}sta and D. M{\"u}ller and B.C. Mundim and H. Nakano and V. Paschalidis and L. Pekowsky and D. Pollney and H.P. Pfeiffer and M. Ponce and M. P{\"u}rrer and G. Reifenberger and C. Reisswig and L. Santamar{\'i}a and M.A. Scheel and S.L. Shapiro and D.M. Shoemaker and C.F. Sopuerta and U. Sperhake and B. Szil{\'a}gyi and N.W. Taylor and W. Tichy and P.O. Tsatsin and Y. Zlochower",
    year = "2014",
    month = "5",
    day = "20",
    doi = "10.1088/0264-9381/31/11/115004",
    language = "English",
    volume = "31",
    pages = "115004",
    journal = "Classical and Quantum Gravity",
    issn = "0264-9381",
    publisher = "IOP Publishing",
    number = "11",

    }

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    In: Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 31, No. 11, 20.05.2014, p. 115004.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - The NINJA-2 project: Detecting and characterizing gravitational waveforms modelled using numerical binary black hole simulations

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    PY - 2014/5/20

    Y1 - 2014/5/20

    N2 - The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15% for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.

    AB - The Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project is a collaborative effort between members of the numerical relativity and gravitational-wave (GW) astrophysics communities. The purpose of NINJA is to study the ability to detect GWs emitted from merging binary black holes (BBH) and recover their parameters with next-generation GW observatories. We report here on the results of the second NINJA project, NINJA-2, which employs 60 complete BBH hybrid waveforms consisting of a numerical portion modelling the late inspiral, merger, and ringdown stitched to a post-Newtonian portion modelling the early inspiral. In a 'blind injection challenge' similar to that conducted in recent Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) and Virgo science runs, we added seven hybrid waveforms to two months of data recoloured to predictions of Advanced LIGO (aLIGO) and Advanced Virgo (AdV) sensitivity curves during their first observing runs. The resulting data was analysed by GW detection algorithms and 6 of the waveforms were recovered with false alarm rates smaller than 1 in a thousand years. Parameter-estimation algorithms were run on each of these waveforms to explore the ability to constrain the masses, component angular momenta and sky position of these waveforms. We find that the strong degeneracy between the mass ratio and the BHs' angular momenta will make it difficult to precisely estimate these parameters with aLIGO and AdV. We also perform a large-scale Monte Carlo study to assess the ability to recover each of the 60 hybrid waveforms with early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. Our results predict that early aLIGO and AdV will have a volume-weighted average sensitive distance of 300 Mpc (1 Gpc) for 10Mȯ + 10Mȯ (50Mȯ + 50Mȯ) BBH coalescences. We demonstrate that neglecting the component angular momenta in the waveform models used in matched-filtering will result in a reduction in sensitivity for systems with large component angular momenta. This reduction is estimated to be up to ∼15% for 50Mȯ + 50Mȯ BBH coalescences with almost maximal angular momenta aligned with the orbit when using early aLIGO and AdV sensitivity curves. © 2014 IOP Publishing Ltd.

    U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/31/11/115004

    DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/31/11/115004

    M3 - Article

    VL - 31

    SP - 115004

    JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

    JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

    SN - 0264-9381

    IS - 11

    ER -