The Moderating Effect of Maladaptive Emotion Regulation Strategies on Reappraisal: A Daily Diary Study

Tierney P. McMahon, Kristin Naragon-Gainey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Recent research has investigated how adaptive emotion regulation (ER) strategies and maladaptive ER strategies interact to predict symptoms, but little is known about how specific strategies interact with one another when used in daily life. The present investigation used daily diary data collected over two weeks from an unselected student sample (N = 109) to examine how reappraisal, a putatively adaptive ER strategy, interacts on a given occasion (within-person) and across occasions (between-person) with putatively maladaptive ER strategies (rumination, experiential avoidance, expressive suppression) to predict daily depression and social anxiety symptoms. Results revealed between-person interactions of reappraisal with rumination and experiential avoidance, wherein reappraisal was most negatively related to symptoms for individuals who frequently used rumination and experiential avoidance. There was a similar within-person interaction between reappraisal and expressive suppression. Implications for assessing daily and retrospective ER are discussed, as well as future directions for studying ER in daily life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)552-564
Number of pages13
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes


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