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© 2014 Cambridge University Press. Quantitative results for the linear stability of planar Stokes layers subject to small, high-frequency perturbations are obtained for both a narrow channel and a flow approximating the classical semi-infinite Stokes layer. Previous theoretical and experimental predictions of the critical Reynolds number for the classical flat Stokes layer have differed widely with the former exceeding the latter by a factor of two or three. Here it is demonstrated that only a 1 % perturbation, at an appropriate frequency, to the nominal sinusoidal wall motion is enough to result in a reduction of the theoretical critical Reynolds number of as much as 60 %, bringing the theoretical conditions much more in line with the experimentally reported values. Furthermore, within the various experimental observations there is a wide variation in reported critical conditions and the results presented here may provide a new explanation for this behaviour.
Thomas, C., Blennerhassett, P. J., Bassom, A., & Davies, C. J. (2015). The linear stability of a Stokes layer subjected to high-frequency perturbations. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 764, 193-218. https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2014.710