The life cycle of the reptile-inhabiting nematode Abbreviata hastaspicula (Spirurida: Physalopteridae: Physalopterinae) in Australia

C. King, H. I. Jones

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study elucidates the life-cycle of the reptile inhabiting nematode Abbreviata hastaspicula (Spirurida: Physalopteridae: Physalopterinae) in Australia. Eight Varanus gouldii (Lacertilia: Varanidae), and two Christinus marmoratus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) lizards were captured in the wild. Two V. gouldii were used as controls and no experimental procedures were carried out on them. Another six V. gouldii (final host) and the two C. marmoratus (paratenic host) were treated with oral anthelmintics to remove all parasitic worms and were fed with infected live arthropods containing third stage larvae of Abbreviata hastaspicula. Faeces of V. gouldii were examined under the microscope weekly to determine whether the third stage larvae had developed into adults. Two months later, a total of 30 larvae and adults of A. hastaspicula were found in the stomachs of four experimentally-infected V. gouldii lizards. No cysts or larva were found in the C. marmoratus. This is the first study to demonstrate the life-cycle of this genus of nematode in their definitive reptile hosts.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)258-262
    Number of pages5
    JournalInternational Journal For Parasitology: Parasites And Wildlife
    Volume5
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

    Fingerprint

    Spirurida
    Physalopteridae
    Abbreviata
    Reptiles
    Life Cycle Stages
    reptiles
    Larva
    life cycle (organisms)
    Nematoda
    Lizards
    larvae
    lizards
    Varanidae
    Lacertilia
    paratenic hosts
    Varanus
    Anthelmintics
    Reptilia
    Arthropods
    Helminths

    Cite this

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    title = "The life cycle of the reptile-inhabiting nematode Abbreviata hastaspicula (Spirurida: Physalopteridae: Physalopterinae) in Australia",
    abstract = "This study elucidates the life-cycle of the reptile inhabiting nematode Abbreviata hastaspicula (Spirurida: Physalopteridae: Physalopterinae) in Australia. Eight Varanus gouldii (Lacertilia: Varanidae), and two Christinus marmoratus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) lizards were captured in the wild. Two V. gouldii were used as controls and no experimental procedures were carried out on them. Another six V. gouldii (final host) and the two C. marmoratus (paratenic host) were treated with oral anthelmintics to remove all parasitic worms and were fed with infected live arthropods containing third stage larvae of Abbreviata hastaspicula. Faeces of V. gouldii were examined under the microscope weekly to determine whether the third stage larvae had developed into adults. Two months later, a total of 30 larvae and adults of A. hastaspicula were found in the stomachs of four experimentally-infected V. gouldii lizards. No cysts or larva were found in the C. marmoratus. This is the first study to demonstrate the life-cycle of this genus of nematode in their definitive reptile hosts.",
    keywords = "Abbreviata hastaspicula, Abbreviata spp., Host-parasites, Insects, Lifecycle, Lizards, Nematodes, Physaloptera",
    author = "C. King and Jones, {H. I.}",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The life cycle of the reptile-inhabiting nematode Abbreviata hastaspicula (Spirurida

    T2 - Physalopteridae: Physalopterinae) in Australia

    AU - King, C.

    AU - Jones, H. I.

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    N2 - This study elucidates the life-cycle of the reptile inhabiting nematode Abbreviata hastaspicula (Spirurida: Physalopteridae: Physalopterinae) in Australia. Eight Varanus gouldii (Lacertilia: Varanidae), and two Christinus marmoratus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) lizards were captured in the wild. Two V. gouldii were used as controls and no experimental procedures were carried out on them. Another six V. gouldii (final host) and the two C. marmoratus (paratenic host) were treated with oral anthelmintics to remove all parasitic worms and were fed with infected live arthropods containing third stage larvae of Abbreviata hastaspicula. Faeces of V. gouldii were examined under the microscope weekly to determine whether the third stage larvae had developed into adults. Two months later, a total of 30 larvae and adults of A. hastaspicula were found in the stomachs of four experimentally-infected V. gouldii lizards. No cysts or larva were found in the C. marmoratus. This is the first study to demonstrate the life-cycle of this genus of nematode in their definitive reptile hosts.

    AB - This study elucidates the life-cycle of the reptile inhabiting nematode Abbreviata hastaspicula (Spirurida: Physalopteridae: Physalopterinae) in Australia. Eight Varanus gouldii (Lacertilia: Varanidae), and two Christinus marmoratus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) lizards were captured in the wild. Two V. gouldii were used as controls and no experimental procedures were carried out on them. Another six V. gouldii (final host) and the two C. marmoratus (paratenic host) were treated with oral anthelmintics to remove all parasitic worms and were fed with infected live arthropods containing third stage larvae of Abbreviata hastaspicula. Faeces of V. gouldii were examined under the microscope weekly to determine whether the third stage larvae had developed into adults. Two months later, a total of 30 larvae and adults of A. hastaspicula were found in the stomachs of four experimentally-infected V. gouldii lizards. No cysts or larva were found in the C. marmoratus. This is the first study to demonstrate the life-cycle of this genus of nematode in their definitive reptile hosts.

    KW - Abbreviata hastaspicula

    KW - Abbreviata spp.

    KW - Host-parasites

    KW - Insects

    KW - Lifecycle

    KW - Lizards

    KW - Nematodes

    KW - Physaloptera

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84988027224&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2016.08.002

    DO - 10.1016/j.ijppaw.2016.08.002

    M3 - Article

    VL - 5

    SP - 258

    EP - 262

    JO - International Journal for Parasitology Parasites and Wildlife

    JF - International Journal for Parasitology Parasites and Wildlife

    SN - 2213-2244

    IS - 3

    ER -