The interutricular distance determined from external landmarks

Vicky Nowé, Floris L. Wuyts, Mieke Hoppenbrouwers, Paul H. Van De Heyning, Arthur M. De Schepper, Paul M. Parizel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Knowledge of the exact distance between the utricles is important in new vestibular tests, such as the unilateral centrifugation (UC) test for the unilateral examination of the utricles. During this test, subjects are rotated at constant velocity and simultaneously laterally displaced along an interaural axis so that one labyrinth becomes aligned with the axis of rotation. When the axis of rotation crosses precisely through one labyrinth, only the opposite labyrinth is stimulated. To achieve this setup, precise knowledge of the interutricular distance is needed. The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between the interutricular distance (IUD), measured on T2-weighted magnetic resonance images, and specific external measures of head dimensions such as distance nasion-inion, intermastoid distance (IMD), distances between the temporomandibular joints and between the lateral margins of the orbits. Data have been collected in a series of 50 subjects (25 men and 25 women). On MR images we found a mean IUD of 7.22 cm (SD = 0.42 cm). There was a strong correlation between the IUD measured on MR images and the intermastoid distance. A linear combination of the IMD, nasion-inion distance and height of the subjects could predict the IUD very satisfactory (R = 0.85, adjusted R2 = 0.723). We also determined a measure of eccentricity of the vestibular labyrinths. The 95% prediction interval for the asymmetry appeared to be less than 4.3%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-23
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation
Volume13
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 8 Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

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