The importance of non-farm livelihoods for household food security and dietary diversity in rural Myanmar

Bill Pritchard, Anu Rammohan, Mark Vicol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent processes of socio-economic change in rural Myanmar are etching significant shifts to the social distribution of advantage and disadvantage, with implications for patterns of food security and dietary quality. This paper uses original repeat cross-sectional household survey data to identify emergent relationships between land and livelihoods on the one hand, and food security and dietary quality, on the other. The paper concludes that although land ‘matters’ (landholding households are more likely to be food secure and have higher dietary diversity than landless households), this association is strongly conditioned by livelihood and seasonal circumstances. Households with livelihood arrangements articulated to the non-farm economy, whether they were landholders or landless, exhibited superior food and nutritional outcomes compared to those with livelihoods only in farming. Hence, while access to arable land remains an important factor in shaping food security and dietary diversity, of greater importance is the capacity for households to supplement their land assets with livelihood activities in the non-farm economy. This finding reinforces broader arguments that emphasise the importance of the non-farm economy as a vital shaper of wellbeing for rural households in the global South.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-100
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Rural Studies
Volume67
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Myanmar
food security
livelihood
food
economy
landholding
etching
household survey
arable land
economic change
supplement
assets
household
land

Cite this

@article{dc12514962eb4a14b18fa77a1a07aee0,
title = "The importance of non-farm livelihoods for household food security and dietary diversity in rural Myanmar",
abstract = "Recent processes of socio-economic change in rural Myanmar are etching significant shifts to the social distribution of advantage and disadvantage, with implications for patterns of food security and dietary quality. This paper uses original repeat cross-sectional household survey data to identify emergent relationships between land and livelihoods on the one hand, and food security and dietary quality, on the other. The paper concludes that although land ‘matters’ (landholding households are more likely to be food secure and have higher dietary diversity than landless households), this association is strongly conditioned by livelihood and seasonal circumstances. Households with livelihood arrangements articulated to the non-farm economy, whether they were landholders or landless, exhibited superior food and nutritional outcomes compared to those with livelihoods only in farming. Hence, while access to arable land remains an important factor in shaping food security and dietary diversity, of greater importance is the capacity for households to supplement their land assets with livelihood activities in the non-farm economy. This finding reinforces broader arguments that emphasise the importance of the non-farm economy as a vital shaper of wellbeing for rural households in the global South.",
author = "Bill Pritchard and Anu Rammohan and Mark Vicol",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.02.017",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "89--100",
journal = "Journal of Rural Studies",
issn = "0743-0167",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

The importance of non-farm livelihoods for household food security and dietary diversity in rural Myanmar. / Pritchard, Bill; Rammohan, Anu; Vicol, Mark.

In: Journal of Rural Studies, Vol. 67, 01.04.2019, p. 89-100.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The importance of non-farm livelihoods for household food security and dietary diversity in rural Myanmar

AU - Pritchard, Bill

AU - Rammohan, Anu

AU - Vicol, Mark

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Recent processes of socio-economic change in rural Myanmar are etching significant shifts to the social distribution of advantage and disadvantage, with implications for patterns of food security and dietary quality. This paper uses original repeat cross-sectional household survey data to identify emergent relationships between land and livelihoods on the one hand, and food security and dietary quality, on the other. The paper concludes that although land ‘matters’ (landholding households are more likely to be food secure and have higher dietary diversity than landless households), this association is strongly conditioned by livelihood and seasonal circumstances. Households with livelihood arrangements articulated to the non-farm economy, whether they were landholders or landless, exhibited superior food and nutritional outcomes compared to those with livelihoods only in farming. Hence, while access to arable land remains an important factor in shaping food security and dietary diversity, of greater importance is the capacity for households to supplement their land assets with livelihood activities in the non-farm economy. This finding reinforces broader arguments that emphasise the importance of the non-farm economy as a vital shaper of wellbeing for rural households in the global South.

AB - Recent processes of socio-economic change in rural Myanmar are etching significant shifts to the social distribution of advantage and disadvantage, with implications for patterns of food security and dietary quality. This paper uses original repeat cross-sectional household survey data to identify emergent relationships between land and livelihoods on the one hand, and food security and dietary quality, on the other. The paper concludes that although land ‘matters’ (landholding households are more likely to be food secure and have higher dietary diversity than landless households), this association is strongly conditioned by livelihood and seasonal circumstances. Households with livelihood arrangements articulated to the non-farm economy, whether they were landholders or landless, exhibited superior food and nutritional outcomes compared to those with livelihoods only in farming. Hence, while access to arable land remains an important factor in shaping food security and dietary diversity, of greater importance is the capacity for households to supplement their land assets with livelihood activities in the non-farm economy. This finding reinforces broader arguments that emphasise the importance of the non-farm economy as a vital shaper of wellbeing for rural households in the global South.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062213764&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.02.017

DO - 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2019.02.017

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 89

EP - 100

JO - Journal of Rural Studies

JF - Journal of Rural Studies

SN - 0743-0167

ER -