The impact of parents' fear of strangers and perceptions of informal social control on children's independent mobility

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Abstract

Declines in children's independent mobility are commonly attributed to parents' tear of strangers, yet few empirical studies have investigated this relationship. We examined: (1) the impact of parents' fear of strangers on children's independent mobility; and (2) whether informal social control (i.e., parents' confidence that other residents would look out for local children) mitigated any association. Gender stratified logistic regression models tested these associations for 10-12 year-olds and their parents (n=1231) in Perth, Australia. For girls, parental fear of strangers was associated with lower odds of independent mobility (OR=0.71, p=0.002), and informal social control and other social and built environment variables had little attenuating influence. This pattern was consistent for boys; however odds ratios were lower and statistical significance weaker initiatives that target parental fears combined with interventions that normalise children's walking may help increase independent mobility. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

LanguageEnglish
Pages60-68
Number of pages9
JournalHealth & Place
Volume26
Early online date12 Dec 2013
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Cite this

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title = "The impact of parents' fear of strangers and perceptions of informal social control on children's independent mobility",
abstract = "Declines in children's independent mobility are commonly attributed to parents' tear of strangers, yet few empirical studies have investigated this relationship. We examined: (1) the impact of parents' fear of strangers on children's independent mobility; and (2) whether informal social control (i.e., parents' confidence that other residents would look out for local children) mitigated any association. Gender stratified logistic regression models tested these associations for 10-12 year-olds and their parents (n=1231) in Perth, Australia. For girls, parental fear of strangers was associated with lower odds of independent mobility (OR=0.71, p=0.002), and informal social control and other social and built environment variables had little attenuating influence. This pattern was consistent for boys; however odds ratios were lower and statistical significance weaker initiatives that target parental fears combined with interventions that normalise children's walking may help increase independent mobility. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Independent mobility, Stranger danger, Parental fear, Physical activity, Children, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, COLLECTIVE EFFICACY, AUSTRALIAN CHILDREN, NEIGHBORHOOD SAFETY, LOCAL NEIGHBORHOOD, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, SCHOOL-CHILDREN, ACTIVE TRAVEL, PUBLIC-HEALTH, PEACH PROJECT",
author = "Sarah Foster and Karen Villanueva and Lisa Wood and Hayley Christian and Billie Giles-Corti",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.11.006",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "60--68",
journal = "Health & Place",
issn = "1353-8292",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of parents' fear of strangers and perceptions of informal social control on children's independent mobility

AU - Foster,Sarah

AU - Villanueva,Karen

AU - Wood,Lisa

AU - Christian,Hayley

AU - Giles-Corti,Billie

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - Declines in children's independent mobility are commonly attributed to parents' tear of strangers, yet few empirical studies have investigated this relationship. We examined: (1) the impact of parents' fear of strangers on children's independent mobility; and (2) whether informal social control (i.e., parents' confidence that other residents would look out for local children) mitigated any association. Gender stratified logistic regression models tested these associations for 10-12 year-olds and their parents (n=1231) in Perth, Australia. For girls, parental fear of strangers was associated with lower odds of independent mobility (OR=0.71, p=0.002), and informal social control and other social and built environment variables had little attenuating influence. This pattern was consistent for boys; however odds ratios were lower and statistical significance weaker initiatives that target parental fears combined with interventions that normalise children's walking may help increase independent mobility. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - Declines in children's independent mobility are commonly attributed to parents' tear of strangers, yet few empirical studies have investigated this relationship. We examined: (1) the impact of parents' fear of strangers on children's independent mobility; and (2) whether informal social control (i.e., parents' confidence that other residents would look out for local children) mitigated any association. Gender stratified logistic regression models tested these associations for 10-12 year-olds and their parents (n=1231) in Perth, Australia. For girls, parental fear of strangers was associated with lower odds of independent mobility (OR=0.71, p=0.002), and informal social control and other social and built environment variables had little attenuating influence. This pattern was consistent for boys; however odds ratios were lower and statistical significance weaker initiatives that target parental fears combined with interventions that normalise children's walking may help increase independent mobility. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - Independent mobility

KW - Stranger danger

KW - Parental fear

KW - Physical activity

KW - Children

KW - PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY

KW - COLLECTIVE EFFICACY

KW - AUSTRALIAN CHILDREN

KW - NEIGHBORHOOD SAFETY

KW - LOCAL NEIGHBORHOOD

KW - BUILT ENVIRONMENT

KW - SCHOOL-CHILDREN

KW - ACTIVE TRAVEL

KW - PUBLIC-HEALTH

KW - PEACH PROJECT

U2 - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.11.006

DO - 10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.11.006

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 60

EP - 68

JO - Health & Place

T2 - Health & Place

JF - Health & Place

SN - 1353-8292

ER -