The impact of high-throughput sequencing in genetic neuromuscular disorders cannot be overstated. The ability to rapidly and affordably sequence multiple genes simultaneously has enabled a second golden age of Mendelian disease gene discovery, with flow-on impacts for rapid genetic diagnosis, evidence-based treatment, tailored therapy development, carrier-screening, and prevention of disease recurrence in families. However, there are likely many more neuromuscular disease genes and mechanisms to be discovered. Many patients and families remain without a molecular diagnosis following targeted panel sequencing, clinical exome sequencing, or even genome sequencing. Here we review how massively parallel, or next-generation, sequencing has changed the field of genetic neuromuscular disorders, and anticipate future benefits of recent technological innovations such as RNA-seq implementation and detection of tandem repeat expansions from short-read sequencing.