The host environment determines strain-specific differences in the timing of skeletal muscle regeneration: cross-transplantation studies between SJL/J and BALB/c mice

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    Abstract

    The difference in the timing of the regeneration process of skeletal muscle between SJL/J and BALB/c mice was investigated using grafts of whole skeletal muscle (both autografts and allografts). Histological, autoradiographic and immunohistochemical techniques were used in the investigation. Infiltration of leucocytes into autografts, numbers of desmin-positive myogenic cells and myotube formation were all more advanced in the SJL/J compared with BALB/c mice. Furthermore, autoradiographic evidence showed that myoblasts in the SJL/J autografts were synthesising DNA 12 h earlier than myoblasts in BALB/c autografts. In allografts, where SJL/J host mice received BALB/c grafts, and vice versa, leucocyte infiltration and myotube formation occurred earlier in the BALB/c muscles grafted into SJL/J hosts, than in the reverse situation with BALB/c hosts. The results show that, at least for whole muscle grafts, it is the host environment which determines the speed and outcome of the regenerative process.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)585-594
    JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
    Volume191
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997

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