The haemostatic defect of cardiopulmonary bypass

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Abstract

[Truncated abstract] Cardiac surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass is a complex procedure that results in significant changes to blood coagulation, fibrinolytic biochemistry, platelet number and function, and the vasculature. These are due to pharmacological agents which are administered, haemodilution and contact of the blood with artificial surfaces. Consequently there are significant risks of thrombosis and haemorrhage associated with this procedure. The research presented in this thesis utilises in vitro, in vivo, and a novel ex vivo model to investigate the nature of the haemostatic defect induced by cardiopulmonary bypass. The components studied include the drugs heparin, protamine sulphate, and aprotinin, different types of bypass circuitry (including heparin bonded circuits) and procedures such as acute normovolaemic haemodilution. Patient variables, such as Factor V Leiden, are also studied. Each of these components is assessed for the effects on a number of laboratory measures of haemostasis including activated partial thromboplastin time, prothrombin time, activated protein C ratio, antithrombin concentration, heparin concentration, thrombin-antithrombin complex formation, prothrombin fragment 1+2 formation, markers of platelet surface activation and secretion, activated clotting time, haemoglobin concentration and coagulation factor assays.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Publication statusUnpublished - 2003

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