The globally disseminated M1T1 clone of group A Streptococcus evades autophagy for intracellular replication

Timothy C Barnett, David Liebl, Lisa M Seymour, Christine M Gillen, Jin Yan Lim, Christopher N Larock, Mark R Davies, Benjamin L Schulz, Victor Nizet, Rohan D Teasdale, Mark J Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Autophagy is reported to be an important innate immune defense against the intracellular bacterial pathogen Group A Streptococcus (GAS). However, the GAS strains examined to date belong to serotypes infrequently associated with human disease. We find that the globally disseminated serotype M1T1 clone of GAS can evade autophagy and replicate efficiently in the cytosol of infected cells. Cytosolic M1T1 GAS (strain 5448), but not M6 GAS (strain JRS4), avoids ubiquitylation and recognition by the host autophagy marker LC3 and ubiquitin-LC3 adaptor proteins NDP52, p62, and NBR1. Expression of SpeB, a streptococcal cysteine protease, is critical for this process, as an isogenic M1T1 ΔspeB mutant is targeted to autophagy and attenuated for intracellular replication. SpeB degrades p62, NDP52, and NBR1 in vitro and within the host cell cytosol. These results uncover a proteolytic mechanism utilized by GAS to escape the host autophagy pathway that may underpin the success of the M1T1 clone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675-82
Number of pages8
JournalCell Host and Microbe
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Dec 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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