The geology and geochronology of the Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster in eastern Qinling, China

Xiao Hua Deng, Yan Jing Chen, Franco Pirajno, Nuo Li, Jun Ming Yao, Ya Li Sun

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Abstract

The Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster occurs at the northernmost margin of the Qinling Orogen. The orebodies occur as quartz veins and are controlled by low-angle faults. We identify three hydrothermal stages, characterized by veinlets of quartz–pyrite, quartz–molybdenite–pyrite–chalcopyrite–galena–sphalerite, and quartz–carbonate assemblages, respectively. The early-stage quartz veins were structurally-deformed, brecciated, and filled by non-deformed middle- or late-stage veinlets, suggesting that the mineralization is associated with a tectonic transition from compression to extension. Five molybdenite separates from the Zhifang Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os ages from 241.2 ± 1.6 to 247.4 ± 2.5 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 243.8 ± 2.8 Ma. Individual Re–Os isotope ages of four molybdenite samples from the Badaogou Mo deposit range from 238.9 ± 2.1 to 255.8 ± 2.2 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246 ± 10 Ma. Four analyses of molybdenite separates from the Xiangchungou Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os isotope ages of 243.8 ± 8.8 to 247.7 ± 4.4 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246.0 ± 1.1 Ma. All of these data yield a weighted mean age of 241.9 ± 1.9 Ma, coeval with the accretionary orogeny. We thus conclude that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins formed during a transition from continental arc to back-arc setting. The Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins share similar geological, geochemical and geochronological features with the orogenic-type systems. We propose that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins are an orogenic-type Mo mineralization, and possibly represent the deepest member in the crustal continuum model of the orogenic-type mineral systems. The molybdenite samples from the Mo-quartz veins in the Waifangshan area have low Re contents (1.457 to 39.16 ppm), suggesting a continental crust-dominated source.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)548-564
Number of pages17
JournalOre Geology Reviews
Volume81
Issue numberPart 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

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Geochronology
Quartz
Geology
quartz vein
geochronology
geology
molybdenite
Deposits
Isotopes
isotope
mineralization
continental arc
Tectonics
orogeny
continental crust
Minerals
compression
tectonics
mineral

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Deng, Xiao Hua ; Chen, Yan Jing ; Pirajno, Franco ; Li, Nuo ; Yao, Jun Ming ; Sun, Ya Li. / The geology and geochronology of the Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster in eastern Qinling, China. In: Ore Geology Reviews. 2017 ; Vol. 81, No. Part 2. pp. 548-564.
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abstract = "The Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster occurs at the northernmost margin of the Qinling Orogen. The orebodies occur as quartz veins and are controlled by low-angle faults. We identify three hydrothermal stages, characterized by veinlets of quartz–pyrite, quartz–molybdenite–pyrite–chalcopyrite–galena–sphalerite, and quartz–carbonate assemblages, respectively. The early-stage quartz veins were structurally-deformed, brecciated, and filled by non-deformed middle- or late-stage veinlets, suggesting that the mineralization is associated with a tectonic transition from compression to extension. Five molybdenite separates from the Zhifang Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os ages from 241.2 ± 1.6 to 247.4 ± 2.5 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 243.8 ± 2.8 Ma. Individual Re–Os isotope ages of four molybdenite samples from the Badaogou Mo deposit range from 238.9 ± 2.1 to 255.8 ± 2.2 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246 ± 10 Ma. Four analyses of molybdenite separates from the Xiangchungou Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os isotope ages of 243.8 ± 8.8 to 247.7 ± 4.4 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246.0 ± 1.1 Ma. All of these data yield a weighted mean age of 241.9 ± 1.9 Ma, coeval with the accretionary orogeny. We thus conclude that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins formed during a transition from continental arc to back-arc setting. The Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins share similar geological, geochemical and geochronological features with the orogenic-type systems. We propose that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins are an orogenic-type Mo mineralization, and possibly represent the deepest member in the crustal continuum model of the orogenic-type mineral systems. The molybdenite samples from the Mo-quartz veins in the Waifangshan area have low Re contents (1.457 to 39.16 ppm), suggesting a continental crust-dominated source.",
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The geology and geochronology of the Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster in eastern Qinling, China. / Deng, Xiao Hua; Chen, Yan Jing; Pirajno, Franco; Li, Nuo; Yao, Jun Ming; Sun, Ya Li.

In: Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 81, No. Part 2, 01.03.2017, p. 548-564.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - The geology and geochronology of the Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster in eastern Qinling, China

AU - Deng, Xiao Hua

AU - Chen, Yan Jing

AU - Pirajno, Franco

AU - Li, Nuo

AU - Yao, Jun Ming

AU - Sun, Ya Li

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N2 - The Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster occurs at the northernmost margin of the Qinling Orogen. The orebodies occur as quartz veins and are controlled by low-angle faults. We identify three hydrothermal stages, characterized by veinlets of quartz–pyrite, quartz–molybdenite–pyrite–chalcopyrite–galena–sphalerite, and quartz–carbonate assemblages, respectively. The early-stage quartz veins were structurally-deformed, brecciated, and filled by non-deformed middle- or late-stage veinlets, suggesting that the mineralization is associated with a tectonic transition from compression to extension. Five molybdenite separates from the Zhifang Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os ages from 241.2 ± 1.6 to 247.4 ± 2.5 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 243.8 ± 2.8 Ma. Individual Re–Os isotope ages of four molybdenite samples from the Badaogou Mo deposit range from 238.9 ± 2.1 to 255.8 ± 2.2 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246 ± 10 Ma. Four analyses of molybdenite separates from the Xiangchungou Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os isotope ages of 243.8 ± 8.8 to 247.7 ± 4.4 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246.0 ± 1.1 Ma. All of these data yield a weighted mean age of 241.9 ± 1.9 Ma, coeval with the accretionary orogeny. We thus conclude that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins formed during a transition from continental arc to back-arc setting. The Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins share similar geological, geochemical and geochronological features with the orogenic-type systems. We propose that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins are an orogenic-type Mo mineralization, and possibly represent the deepest member in the crustal continuum model of the orogenic-type mineral systems. The molybdenite samples from the Mo-quartz veins in the Waifangshan area have low Re contents (1.457 to 39.16 ppm), suggesting a continental crust-dominated source.

AB - The Waifangshan Mo-quartz vein cluster occurs at the northernmost margin of the Qinling Orogen. The orebodies occur as quartz veins and are controlled by low-angle faults. We identify three hydrothermal stages, characterized by veinlets of quartz–pyrite, quartz–molybdenite–pyrite–chalcopyrite–galena–sphalerite, and quartz–carbonate assemblages, respectively. The early-stage quartz veins were structurally-deformed, brecciated, and filled by non-deformed middle- or late-stage veinlets, suggesting that the mineralization is associated with a tectonic transition from compression to extension. Five molybdenite separates from the Zhifang Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os ages from 241.2 ± 1.6 to 247.4 ± 2.5 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 243.8 ± 2.8 Ma. Individual Re–Os isotope ages of four molybdenite samples from the Badaogou Mo deposit range from 238.9 ± 2.1 to 255.8 ± 2.2 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246 ± 10 Ma. Four analyses of molybdenite separates from the Xiangchungou Mo deposit yield individual Re–Os isotope ages of 243.8 ± 8.8 to 247.7 ± 4.4 Ma, with a weighted mean age of 246.0 ± 1.1 Ma. All of these data yield a weighted mean age of 241.9 ± 1.9 Ma, coeval with the accretionary orogeny. We thus conclude that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins formed during a transition from continental arc to back-arc setting. The Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins share similar geological, geochemical and geochronological features with the orogenic-type systems. We propose that the Waifangshan Mo-quartz veins are an orogenic-type Mo mineralization, and possibly represent the deepest member in the crustal continuum model of the orogenic-type mineral systems. The molybdenite samples from the Mo-quartz veins in the Waifangshan area have low Re contents (1.457 to 39.16 ppm), suggesting a continental crust-dominated source.

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KW - Re–Os geochronology

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