The Expression of Extracellular Matrix During Adult Skeletal Muscle Regeneration: How the Basement Membrane, Interstitium and Myogenic Cells Collaborate

Miranda Grounds, John Mcgeachie, Marilyn Davies, L.M. Sorokin, Moira Maley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

To determine whether differences in the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components correlate with the progression of skeletal muscle regeneration in vivo, the location and intensity of expression of basement membrane components (laminin alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 5 chains and collagen IV), matrix proteins upregulated during inflammation (fibronectin and tenascin-C), and cell adhesion molecules (VCAM-1 and alpha 4 beta 1 integrin) were examined by immunofluorescent tissue staining in two models of muscle regeneration in mice. Crush injury results in major disruption of the basement membranes of myofibres and an early inflammatory response, whereas in whole muscle grafts the tissue architecture is largely preserved and there is a delayed inflammatory response. The patterns of ECM expression were similar in both models and corresponded closely with key cellular events. The only difference was the loss of basement membrane component immunoreactivity in necrotic myofibres in the centre of the crush injured muscles compared with sustained immunoreactivity in whole muscle grafts. There were no differences in the relative expression of ECM components between crushed muscles from SJL/J and BALB/c mice, which have a different efficiency of muscle regeneration following crush injury in vivo.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-141
JournalBasic and Applied Myology
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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