The efficacy of selective arterial embolization in the management of colonic bleeding

S Adusumilli, M P Gosselink, G Ctercteko, N Pathmanathan, T. Khoury, P Dutton, G B Makin, Marina Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of mesenteric embolization in the management of acute haemorrhage from the colon.

METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of a consecutive series of patients who underwent selective arterial embolization between 2002 and 2010 at two Australian institutions. An analysis was performed of each patient's present and past medical history, procedural details and subsequent post-procedural recovery.

RESULTS: Seventy-one patients were reviewed in the study. Sixty-one patients (86 %) had immediate cessation of bleeding following embolization. In total, 20 % had some form of morbidity due to mesenteric embolization being performed, the three most common being worsening renal function, groin haematoma and contrast allergy (11, 9 and 7 %, respectively). Only one patient developed superficial bowel ischaemia. Overall, 11 patients (18 %) had recurrent bleeding. Of these patients, five had repeat embolization. Of the patients who underwent re-embolization, three stopped bleeding. Surgery was required in 5 patients 2 of whom died postoperatively of systemic complications.

CONCLUSIONS: Colonic bleeding can be treated successfully in most patients by embolization, without causing ischaemia. Eighteen per cent of patients rebleed during the first hospital admission, and 20 % patients experienced a procedure-related complication. In those patients that proceed to surgery, the morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stay increase dramatically.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-533
Number of pages5
JournalTechniques in Coloproctology
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014

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Hemorrhage
Length of Stay
Ischemia
Morbidity
Groin
Patient Admission
Hematoma
Hypersensitivity
Colon
Kidney
Mortality

Cite this

Adusumilli, S., Gosselink, M. P., Ctercteko, G., Pathmanathan, N., Khoury, T., Dutton, P., ... Wallace, M. (2014). The efficacy of selective arterial embolization in the management of colonic bleeding. Techniques in Coloproctology, 18(6), 529-533. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-013-1088-6
Adusumilli, S ; Gosselink, M P ; Ctercteko, G ; Pathmanathan, N ; Khoury, T. ; Dutton, P ; Makin, G B ; Wallace, Marina. / The efficacy of selective arterial embolization in the management of colonic bleeding. In: Techniques in Coloproctology. 2014 ; Vol. 18, No. 6. pp. 529-533.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of mesenteric embolization in the management of acute haemorrhage from the colon.METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of a consecutive series of patients who underwent selective arterial embolization between 2002 and 2010 at two Australian institutions. An analysis was performed of each patient's present and past medical history, procedural details and subsequent post-procedural recovery.RESULTS: Seventy-one patients were reviewed in the study. Sixty-one patients (86 {\%}) had immediate cessation of bleeding following embolization. In total, 20 {\%} had some form of morbidity due to mesenteric embolization being performed, the three most common being worsening renal function, groin haematoma and contrast allergy (11, 9 and 7 {\%}, respectively). Only one patient developed superficial bowel ischaemia. Overall, 11 patients (18 {\%}) had recurrent bleeding. Of these patients, five had repeat embolization. Of the patients who underwent re-embolization, three stopped bleeding. Surgery was required in 5 patients 2 of whom died postoperatively of systemic complications.CONCLUSIONS: Colonic bleeding can be treated successfully in most patients by embolization, without causing ischaemia. Eighteen per cent of patients rebleed during the first hospital admission, and 20 {\%} patients experienced a procedure-related complication. In those patients that proceed to surgery, the morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stay increase dramatically.",
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Adusumilli, S, Gosselink, MP, Ctercteko, G, Pathmanathan, N, Khoury, T, Dutton, P, Makin, GB & Wallace, M 2014, 'The efficacy of selective arterial embolization in the management of colonic bleeding' Techniques in Coloproctology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 529-533. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-013-1088-6

The efficacy of selective arterial embolization in the management of colonic bleeding. / Adusumilli, S; Gosselink, M P; Ctercteko, G; Pathmanathan, N; Khoury, T.; Dutton, P; Makin, G B; Wallace, Marina.

In: Techniques in Coloproctology, Vol. 18, No. 6, 06.2014, p. 529-533.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The efficacy of selective arterial embolization in the management of colonic bleeding

AU - Adusumilli, S

AU - Gosselink, M P

AU - Ctercteko, G

AU - Pathmanathan, N

AU - Khoury, T.

AU - Dutton, P

AU - Makin, G B

AU - Wallace, Marina

PY - 2014/6

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N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of mesenteric embolization in the management of acute haemorrhage from the colon.METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of a consecutive series of patients who underwent selective arterial embolization between 2002 and 2010 at two Australian institutions. An analysis was performed of each patient's present and past medical history, procedural details and subsequent post-procedural recovery.RESULTS: Seventy-one patients were reviewed in the study. Sixty-one patients (86 %) had immediate cessation of bleeding following embolization. In total, 20 % had some form of morbidity due to mesenteric embolization being performed, the three most common being worsening renal function, groin haematoma and contrast allergy (11, 9 and 7 %, respectively). Only one patient developed superficial bowel ischaemia. Overall, 11 patients (18 %) had recurrent bleeding. Of these patients, five had repeat embolization. Of the patients who underwent re-embolization, three stopped bleeding. Surgery was required in 5 patients 2 of whom died postoperatively of systemic complications.CONCLUSIONS: Colonic bleeding can be treated successfully in most patients by embolization, without causing ischaemia. Eighteen per cent of patients rebleed during the first hospital admission, and 20 % patients experienced a procedure-related complication. In those patients that proceed to surgery, the morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stay increase dramatically.

AB - BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of mesenteric embolization in the management of acute haemorrhage from the colon.METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of a consecutive series of patients who underwent selective arterial embolization between 2002 and 2010 at two Australian institutions. An analysis was performed of each patient's present and past medical history, procedural details and subsequent post-procedural recovery.RESULTS: Seventy-one patients were reviewed in the study. Sixty-one patients (86 %) had immediate cessation of bleeding following embolization. In total, 20 % had some form of morbidity due to mesenteric embolization being performed, the three most common being worsening renal function, groin haematoma and contrast allergy (11, 9 and 7 %, respectively). Only one patient developed superficial bowel ischaemia. Overall, 11 patients (18 %) had recurrent bleeding. Of these patients, five had repeat embolization. Of the patients who underwent re-embolization, three stopped bleeding. Surgery was required in 5 patients 2 of whom died postoperatively of systemic complications.CONCLUSIONS: Colonic bleeding can be treated successfully in most patients by embolization, without causing ischaemia. Eighteen per cent of patients rebleed during the first hospital admission, and 20 % patients experienced a procedure-related complication. In those patients that proceed to surgery, the morbidity, mortality and length of hospital stay increase dramatically.

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KW - Female

KW - Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - New South Wales

KW - Recurrence

KW - Retreatment

KW - Risk Factors

KW - Survival Rate

KW - Treatment Outcome

KW - Western Australia

KW - Journal Article

KW - Multicenter Study

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DO - 10.1007/s10151-013-1088-6

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JO - Techniques in Coloproctology

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SN - 1123-6337

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Adusumilli S, Gosselink MP, Ctercteko G, Pathmanathan N, Khoury T, Dutton P et al. The efficacy of selective arterial embolization in the management of colonic bleeding. Techniques in Coloproctology. 2014 Jun;18(6):529-533. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10151-013-1088-6