The effects of work-life benefits on employment outcomes in Canada: A multivariate analysis

Tony Fang, Byron Lee, Andrew Timming, Di Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Using the longitudinal Workplace and Employee Survey of Canada, we examine the association between the provision of work-life benefits and various employment outcomes in the Canadian labour market. Whilst the theory of compensating wage differentials hypothesizes an inevitable trade-off between higher wages and non-wage benefits, the efficiency wage theory suggests otherwise. The empirical evidence broadly supports the efficiency wage theory, thus rejecting the compensating wage differentials theory. If bundled appropriately, it appears that work-life benefits are positively associated with increased wages, in addition to a greater number of promotions, enhanced employee morale in the form of job satisfaction, and improved employee retention. The study concludes that organizations and employees can both profit when work-life benefits are offered.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-352
JournalRelations industrielles - Industrial Relations
Volume74
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Wages
Personnel
Job satisfaction
Multivariate Analysis
Multivariate analysis
Canada
Profitability
Employees
Efficiency wages
Compensating wage differentials

Cite this

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The effects of work-life benefits on employment outcomes in Canada : A multivariate analysis. / Fang, Tony; Lee, Byron; Timming, Andrew; Fan, Di.

In: Relations industrielles - Industrial Relations, Vol. 74, No. 2, 2019, p. 323-352.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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