The effects of water-based circuit exercise training on vascular function in people with coronary heart disease

Anna S. Scheer, Beatriz I R de Oliveira, Amit Shah, Angela Jacques, Lauren C. Chasland, Daniel J. Green, Andrew J. Maiorana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Impaired endothelial function in people with coronary heart disease (CHD) is associated with increased mortality. Water immersion can increase peripheral artery shear stress which may provide an additional stimulus to the endothelium during exercise. This study compared the effects of water-based circuit exercise training (WEX) and gym-based circuit exercise training (GEX) on vascular function in people with stable CHD. Participants were randomized to 12 wk of WEX (n = 20), GEX (n = 20), or a control group (usual activities; n = 12). Endothelium-dependent flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and glyceryl trinitrate-mediated dilation (GTN) of the brachial artery were assessed pre- and postintervention. FMD increased following WEX [4.0% (3.0%-5.1%) to 5.3% (4.1%-6.5%); P = 0.016], but was unchanged following GEX [4.9% (3.8%-5.9%) to 5.0% (3.8%-6.1%); P = 0.822]. There were no between-group differences in the change in FMD and no significant changes in GTN-mediated dilation percentage. Triglycerides decreased following GEX [1.2 mmol·L-1 (1.0-1.4 mmol·L-1) to 1.0 mmol·L-1 (0.8-1.3 mmol·L-1); P = 0.022], but there were no further differences in lipid profiles. WEX improved endothelial function of the brachial artery in people with stable CHD, suggesting that WEX is an effective alternative to gym-based exercise in people living with CHD, which may specifically address vascular health.NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study found that 12 wk of water-based circuit exercise training was well tolerated and improved vascular endothelial function in people with stable coronary heart disease. However, there was no effect on endothelium-independent function. Water-based exercise appears to be an effective alternative to gym-based exercise for people with coronary heart disease, which has specific benefits to vascular health and function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H1386-H1393
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology
Volume325
Issue number6
Early online date8 Nov 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

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